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Canna tuerckheimii

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales

Familia: Cannaceae
Genus: Canna
Species: Canna tuerckheimii

Canna tuerckheimii Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), 1912, nom. cons.


Canna anahuacensis Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 47: 65. 1912.
Canna coccinea var. sylvestris (Roscoe) Regel, Index Seminum (LE) 1866: 85. 1844.
Canna curviflora Horan., Prodr. Monogr. Scitam.: 18. 1862.
Canna gemella Nees & Mart., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 11: 22. 1823.
Canna gigantea F.Delaroche in P.J.Redouté, Liliac. 6: t. 331. 1811.
Canna iridiflora Willd., Enum. Pl., Suppl.: 1. 1814, nom. illeg.
Canna latifolia Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2. 1768, nom. rej.
Canna neglecta Weinm., Flora 3: 607. 1820), nom. rej.
Canna sylvestris Roscoe, Monandr. Pl. Scitam.: t. 10. 1827, nom. rej.
Canna violacea Bouché, Linnaea 12: 146. 1838.1839.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Belize; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panam
Continental: Northern America
Mexico Central; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Kraenzlin, F.W.L. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 47: 70 (1912), nom. cons.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Canna tuerckheimii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Canna tuerckheimii. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 10 2019. 2019. Canna tuerckheimii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 10 Aug. 2019.

Vernacular names

Canna tuerckheimii is a species of the Canna genus, belonging to the family Cannaceae. Its specific epithet tuerckheimii commemorates Hans von Türckheim, a 19th-century German plant collector.[1]


Herb up to 5 m tall.[2] Canna tuerckheimii is a relatively large species with vast stems carrying large green leaves and high carried orange-red flowers. Stems of up to 3 — 3.5m (11½ft) in height. Green leaves, relatively large - 30–100 cm x 15–40 cm (12—36in x 6—16in), lower side and sheaths lanuginose. Flowers are erect orange-red, 5.5 –9 cm (2¼—3½in) long; floral tube not curved, composed of 9 coloured parts; petals not reflexed; with 4 staminodes.[3]

Canna tuerckheimii is native to Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador at 500–2,000 m (1,600–6,600 ft) of elevation.[4]

Paulus Johannes Maria Maas and Nobuyuki Tanaka, both experts on the genus Canna, disagree on the correct taxonomic placement of this species, with Tanaka considering the correct placement for the species to be C. latifolia.[3]

It is hardy to zone 10 and is frost tender. In the north latitudes, it is in flower from August to October, and the early seeds ripen in October.[2]
See also

List of Canna species
List of Canna cultivars


Quattrocchi, Umberto (2016). World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants. CRC Press. p. 779. ISBN 978-1-4822-5064-0.
Cooke, Ian, 2001. The Gardener's Guide to Growing cannas, Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-513-6
Tanaka, N. 2001. Taxonomic revision of the family Cannaceae in the New World and Asia . Makinoa ser. 2, 1:34–43.
Kew Gardens, Checklist of plant families[permanent dead link]

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