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Carex atrata

Carex atrata (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Species: Carex atrata
Subspecies: C. a. subsp. atrata – C. a. subsp. longistolonifera – C. a. subsp. pullata

Carex atrata L., Sp. Pl.: 976 (1753).


Carex atrata var. varia Gaudin, Étrennes Fl.: 178 (1804), not validly publ.
Trasus atratus (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 56 (1821 publ. 1822).
Loxanisa atrata (L.) Raf., Good Book: 26 (1840).
Carex atrata var. typica Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 137 (1890), not validly publ.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Eurasia
Austria, Belarus, Central European Russia, China South-Central, Czechoslovakia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece,itzerland.html">Switzerland, Greenland, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Manchuria, Nepal, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Norway, Poland, Primorye, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus II. Pp. 561–1200, [1–30, index], [1, err.]. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 976.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Carex atrata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Carex atrata. Published online. Accessed: Dec 14 2019. 2019. Carex atrata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 Dec 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Carex atrata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Trauer-Segge
English: Black-spike Sedge
suomi: Mustasara
한국어: 감둥사초Carex atrata, called black alpine sedge, is a widespread species of flowering plant in the genus Carex, native to Greenland,[3] Iceland, and most of Europe, plus scattered locations across temperate Asia, including Anatolia, Siberia and the Himalaya, as far as Taiwan and Japan.[4][2] Its chromosome number is 2n=52, with some variants reported, e.g. n2=54 for Greenland material.[3][5]

The following subspecies are currently accepted:[2]

Carex atrata subsp. atrata
Carex atrata subsp. longistolonifera (Kük.) S.Yun Liang
Carex atrata subsp. pullata (Boott) Kük.


Sp. Pl.: 976 (1753)
"Carex atrata L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
Grønlands flora. Tyge Wittrock Böcher (3. reviderede udgave ed.). København: P. Haase & Sons. 1978. ISBN 87-559-0385-1. OCLC 183098604.
"Carex atrata black alpine sedge". The Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
Rotreklová, Olga; Bureš, Petr; Řepka, Radomír; Grulich, Vít; Šmarda, Petr; Hralová, Ivana; Zedek, František; Koutecký, Tomáš (2011). "Chromosome numbers of Carex". Preslia. 83 (1): 25–58. Retrieved 4 January 2021.

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