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Castilleja campestris

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Orobanchaceae
Tribus: Pedicularideae
Genus: Castilleja
Species: Castilleja campestris
Varieties: C. c. var. succulenta

Castilleja campestris (Benth.) T.I.Chuang & Heckard

Castilleja campestris subsp. campestris
Orthocarpus campestris Benth.
Orthocarpus columbinus M.E. Jones


Systematic Botany; Quarterly Journal of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists 16:656. 1991


International Plant Names Index. 2017. Castilleja campestris. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 05 2017.
The Plant List 2013. Castilleja campestris in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Oct. 05. 2017. Castilleja campestris. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: O5 Oct. 2017.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Castilleja campestris in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: vernal pool Indian paintbrush

Castilleja campestris is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name vernal pool Indian paintbrush. It is native to California and southern Oregon, where it grows in seasonally moist habitat, especially vernal pools.

It is an annual herb growing 10 to 30 centimeters tall with linear or narrowly lance-shaped leaves up to 4 centimeters long. The inflorescence is up to 15 centimeters long. It is filled with leaflike green bracts which are generally not tipped with another color. The flower is yellow or orange.
There are two subspecies of this plant. The rare Castilleja campestris subspecies succulenta, the succulent owl's clover or fleshy Indian paintbrush, is endemic to California and limited to the San Joaquin Valley of California and adjacent lower Sierra Nevada foothills, where its vernal pool habitat has been largely eliminated for human activity such as agriculture and development.

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