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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Pentaphylacaceae
Tribus: Freziereae
Genus: Cleyera
Species: C. albopunctata – C. bolleana – C. cernua – C. cuspidata – C. ekmanii – C. incornuta – C. integrifolia – C. japonica – C. lipingensis – C. longicarpa – C. neibensis – C. nimanimae – C. obovata – C. obscurinervia – C. orbicularis – C. pachyphylla – C. serrulata – C. ternstroemioides – C. theoides – C. vaccinioides – C. velutina – C. yangchunensis

Cleyera Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. [Thunberg] 3: 68. (1783) nom. cons.

Type species: Cleyera japonica Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. [Thunberg] 3: 69. (1783)


Sakakia Nakai
Tristylium Turcz.


Cleyera Adans., Fam. Pl. (Adanson) 2: 224. (1763) vide Polypremum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 111. (1753) (Tetrachondraceae)


Thunberg, C.P. 1783. Nova genera plantarum 3: 68.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Cleyera in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 June 18. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Cleyera. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 June 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Cleyera. Published online. Accessed: June 19 2021. 2021. Cleyera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 18 June 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cleyera in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Cleyera is a plant genus consisting of 21 species[1] of tender, evergreen shrubs to small trees, mostly native to Mexico and Central America, and one from Eastern Asia. In the APG III system it is placed in the family Pentaphylacaceae.[2]

The botanical name is derived from Andrew Cleyer, a Dutch physician of the seventeenth century. The plants are grown for specimen accent hedges or mixed border landscapes. Though they are slow-growing, they can eventually reach 6–10 ft (1.8-3m). The plants grow densely upright with low spreading-branch habit, round-shaped form, and can be kept compact by occasionally tip-cutting. Leaves are glossy, oval-shaped, 6–10 cm long with dark-green and bronze-red to burgundy tinted young leaves. Very fragrant small creamy white to pale yellow flowers bloom in early summer with petals free or scarcely coalesced. The pollen can cause mild allergy symptoms. Fruits are spherical, greenish yellow, turning red to black.

Accepted species

Cleyera albopunctata (Griseb.) Krug & Urb.
Cleyera bolleana (O.C.Schmidt) Kobuski
Cleyera cernua (Tul.) Kobuski
Cleyera costaricensis Kobuski
Cleyera cuspidata H.T.Chang & S.H.Shi
Cleyera ekmanii (O.C.Schmidt) Kobuski
Cleyera incornuta Y.C.Wu
Cleyera integrifolia (Benth.) Choisy
Cleyera japonica Thunb. (syn. Cleyera ochnacea) sakaki
Cleyera longicarpa (Yamam.) L.K. Ling
Cleyera matudai Kobuski
Cleyera neibensis Alain
Cleyera nimanimae (Tul.) Krug & Urb.
Cleyera obovata H.T.Chang
Cleyera obscurinervia (Merr. & Chun) H.T.Chang
Cleyera orbicularis Alain
Cleyera pachyphylla Chun ex H.T.Chang
Cleyera panamensis (Standl.) Kobuski
Cleyera revoluta Kobuski
Cleyera serrulata Choisy
Cleyera skutchii Kobuski
Cleyera tacanensis Kobuski
Cleyera ternstroemioides (O.C.Schmidt) Kobuski
Cleyera theoides (Sw.) Choisy
Cleyera vaccinioides (O.C.Schmidt) Kobuski
Cleyera velutina B.M.Barthol.
Cleyera yangchunensis L.K.Ling

Unresolved species

Cleyera dubia Champ. ex Benth.
Cleyera fragrans Champ. ex Benth.
Cleyera gymnanthera Wight & Arn.
Cleyera millettii Hook. & Arn.
Cleyera pentapetala Spreng.

Names brought to synonymy

Cleyera elegans, a synonym for Freziera undulata


The Plant List (2013). Cleyera. Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; Accessed 24 August 2020. [1]

Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2014-09-18

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