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Crinum americanum

Crinum americanum (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Amaryllideae
Subtribus: Crininae
Genus: Crinum
Species: Crinum americanum

Crinum americanum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 292. 1753

Lectotypus: Herb. Clifford 127, Crinum No. 1A. (BM), designated by Wijnands, 1983.


Bulbine uncinata Moench, Methodus: 641. 1794.
Crinum americanum subsp. robustum L.S.Hannibal, Bull. Louisiana Soc. Hort. Res. 3: 238. 1972, nom. inval.
Crinum americanum var. traubii (Moldenke) L.S.Hannibal, Bull. Louisiana Soc. Hort. Res. 3: 308. 1972.
Crinum caribaeum Baker, Gard. Chron. 1881(2): 40. 1881.
Crinum ceruleum Raf., Atlantic J.: 164. 1833.
Crinum commelyni DC. in P.J.Redouté, Liliac., t. 322. 1811, nom. illeg.
Crinum conicum M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 67. 1847.
Crinum floridanum Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I.: 583. 1864.
Crinum herbertianum Schult. et Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer et J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 871. 1830.
Crinum longiflorum Herb., Bot. Mag. 47: t. 2121. 1820.
Crinum roozenianum O'Brien, Gard. Chron. 1891(1): 701. 1891.
Crinum strictum Herb., Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2635. 1826, nom. illeg.
Crinum strictum var. traubii Moldenke, Pl. Life 18: 49. 1962.
Crinum texanum L.S.Hannibal, Bull. Louisiana Soc. Hort. Res. 3: 263, 320. 1972, nom. illeg.
Scadianus multiflorus Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 23. 1838.


Crinum × longiflorum Herb. (1837) = Crinum × shepherdii Herb.


Crinum × brownii Herb., nom. inval.
Crinum × elseae L.S.Hannibal, nom. inval.
Crinum × grandiflorum auct.
Crinum × parkeri Herb., nom. inval.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina.
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest .
Continental: Southern America
Regional: Caribbean
Cayman Islands, Cuba, Jamaica.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 292. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Crinum americanum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Crinum americanum. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 27 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crinum americanum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.
Wijnands, O. 1983. Bot. Commelins 36.

Vernacular names
English: Southern swamp Crinum
svenska: Sumpkrinum

Crinum americanum is an aquatic angiosperm native to North America from Texas to South Carolina, as well as Mexico, Cuba, Jamaica and the Cayman Islands.[2] Common names for this species include Florida swamp-lily,[3] string lily,[3] and southern swamp crinum.[3] The species grows in small groups in still water habitats.

Crinum species are now members of the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae;[4] they were formerly placed in the family Liliaceae. They are monocots with six flower petals in white at approximately 10 cm across.

"The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 20 December 2014.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
"Crinum americanum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 20 December 2014.

Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x

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