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Crinum latifolium

Crinum latifolium (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Amaryllideae
Subtribus: Crininae
Genus: Crinum
Species: Crinum latifolium

Crinum latifolium L. (1753)

Amaryllis insignis Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 7: t. 579. 1821.
Amaryllis littoralis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 230. 1796.
Amaryllis moluccana Ker Gawl., J. Sci. Arts (London) 3: 109. 1817.
Crinum cochinchinense M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 71. 1847 [1].
Crinum insigne (Ker Gawl.) Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 405. 1826.
Crinum jemenicum Dammann, Gartenflora 1892: 26. 1892.
Crinum jemense Dammann, Gard. Chron. 1893(1): 658. 1893.
Crinum longistylum Herb. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 440. 1840.
Crinum moluccanum Roxb. ex Ker Gawl., J. Sci. Arts (London) 3: 109. 1817.
Crinum speciosum Herb., Bot. Mag. 48: t. 2217. 1821, nom. illeg.
Crinum yemense Dammann, Gard. Chron. 1893(1): 658. 1893, nom. illeg. non Deflers. (1889).


Crinum × cooperi Herb., nom. inval.
Crinum × puseyae Herb., nom. inval.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asie
Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Chagos Archipelago; China South-Central; China Southeast; India; Laos; Leeward Is.; Myanmar; Nicobar Is.; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam; Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 291.
Yakandawala, D. M. D., Samarakoon, T. M. 2006. An empirical study on the taxonomy of Crinum zeylanicum (L.) L. and Crinum latifolium L. (Amaryllidaceae) occurring in Sri Lanka. Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 35 (1): 53 -72.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Crinum latifolium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Crinum latifolium. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 28 2018.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Crinum latifolium. .

Vernacular names
বাংলা: স দর্শন
English: Pink Striped Trumpet Lily
中文: 西南文殊兰

Crinum latifolium is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). It arises from an underground bulb. The flowering stems are stout, reaching about 2 m in height. The leaves are long, linear and ligulate. The flowers are white and arranged in an umbel.[3][4] It grows naturally in Asia, from India and Sri Lanka through much of mainland Southeast Asia to south China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan). It is also reportedly naturalized in the West Indies and in the Chagos Archipelago.[5]

Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 291–292
The Plant List
Herbert, William. 1837. Amaryllidaceae 263, as Crinum ornatum var. latifolium
Léveillé, Augustin Abel Hector. 1906. Nouv. Contrib. Liliac. Chine 9, as Crinum esquirolii
"Crinum latifolium", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-01-05

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