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Crinum viviparum Loddiges

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Amaryllideae
Subtribus: Crininae
Genus: Crinum
Species: Crinum viviparum

Crinum viviparum (Lam.) R.Ansari & V.J.Nair, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 11: 205. 1987 publ. 1988.

Amaryllis vivipara Lam., Encycl. 1: 123. 1783.
Amaryllis coenosa Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 281. 1892.
Crinum defixum Ker Gawl., J. Sci. Arts (London) 3: 105. 1817.
Crinum defixum f. stephenhassardii Traub, Pl. Life 36: 51. 1980.
Crinum defixum var. ensifolium (Roxb. ex Ker Gawl.) Baker, Handb. Amaryll.: 76. 1888.
Crinum ensifolium Roxb. ex Ker Gawl., J. Sci. Arts (London) 3: 106. 1817.
Crinum roxburghii Dalzell & A.Gibson, Bombay Fl.: 275. 1861.
Crinum viviparum var. ensifolium (Roxb. ex Ker Gawl.) R.Ansari & V.J.Nair, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 11: 205. 1987 publ. 1988.


Crinum × roxburghii Herb., nom. inval.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka.
Regional: Indo-China
Myanmar, Vietnam.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Ansari, R. & Nair, V.J. 1988. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 11: 205. ("1987")


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Crinum viviparum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Crinum viviparum. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 28 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Crinum viviparum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Crinum viviparum[1] is a Monocot plant species in the family Amaryllidaceae; no subspecies are listed in the Catalogue of Life.[2]

Distribution and description

Crinum viviparum is widely distributed in Asia: from the Indian subcontinent to Indo-China. In Vietnam names for this species include: nàng, nàng la gươm,[3] and náng hoa đỏ.

Wild specimens may have a main stem up to 600 mm (24 in) tall, supported from a bulb 50–60 mm (2.0–2.4 in) wide. Flowers may be 50–60 mm (2.0–2.4 in) and white with pinkish margins.[3]


Ansari R, Nair VJ (1988) J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 11: 205.
Roskov Y., Kunze T., Orrell T., Abucay L., Paglinawan L., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Decock W., De Wever A., Didžiulis V. (ed) (2014). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
Phạm Hoàng Hộ (2003) Cây Cỏ Việt Nam: an Illustrated Flora of Vietnam vol. III (entry: 9695 as C. ensifolium) publ. Nhà Xuẩt Bản Trẻ, HCMC, VN.

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