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Doryanthes palmeri

Doryanthes palmeri , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Doryanthaceae
Genus: Doryanthes
Species: Doryanthes palmeri

Doryanthes palmeri W.Bull, Gard. Chron. 1873: 606 (1873).

Doryanthes excelsa var. palmeri (W.Bull) F.M.Bailey, Syn. Queensl. Fl.: 538 (1883).
Doryanthes larkinii C.Moore, J. Proc. Roy. Soc. New S. Wales 18: 85 (1885).
Doryanthes guilfoylei F.M.Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric. Queensland 7: 67 (1893).
Doryanthes palmeri var. larkinii (C.Moore) C.Moore & Betche, Handb. Fl. N.S.W.: 413 (1893).
Doryanthes excelsa var. guilfoylei (F.M.Bailey) F.M.Bailey, Queensl. Fl. 5: 1613 (1902).

Native distribution areas:

Regional: Australia
SE. Queensland to NE. New South Wales

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bull, W., 1873. Gard. Chron. 1873: 606.
Additional references

Australian Plant Name Index (APNI). 2009 Mar 13 [1].


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Doryanthes palmeri in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 19. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Doryanthes palmeri in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Doryanthes palmeri. Published online. Accessed: Mar 19 2020. 2020. Doryanthes palmeri. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 19 .
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Doryanthes palmeri in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
svenska: Spjutlilja

Doryanthes palmeri, also known as the giant spear lily, is one of only two species of plant in the genus Doryanthes and the family Doryanthaceae, both being endemic to eastern Australia. It grows in a rosette and the leaves can reach the length of about 3 m (10 ft). The flowers arise in springtime on a stalk which may reach 5 m (16 ft) in height.[1] A succulent perennial, its leaves are hairless and grow in the shape of a sword. The giant spear lily is listed as Vulnerable under the New South Wales Threatened Species Act (1995).[2]

Doryanthes palmeri is grown as an ornamental plant. It does not tolerate frosts, so in temperate zones it requires protection during the winter months. It requires a sheltered position in full sun.[3]

Doryanthes palmeri 1.jpg
Doryanthes palmeri JPG1b.jpg
Doryanthes palmeri Zurich 04.jpg

See also

List of plants known as lily


"Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p. 312. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
NSW National Parks
"Doryanthes palmeri". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 5 March 2021.

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