Fine Art

Eryngium aquaticum

Eryngium aquaticum

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Saniculoideae
Tribus: Saniculeae
Genus: Eryngium
Species: Eryngium aquaticum
Varietas: E. a. var. aquaticum – E. a. var. ravenelii

Eryngium aquaticum L., 1753

Eryngium foetidum Walt.
Eryngium plukenetii Ell.
Eryngium virginianum Lam.


Eryngium aquaticum Vell. = Eryngium floribundum Cham. & Schltdl.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
USA (Alabama, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia), Canada (British Columbia, Ontario)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 232. Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2018. Eryngium aquaticum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Eryngium aquaticum. Published online. Accessed: Sep 15 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Eryngium aquaticum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 15. 2018. Eryngium aquaticum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Sep 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eryngium aquaticum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: rattlesnakemaster, marsh rattlesnake master, corn-snakeroot, bitter snakeroot, marsh eryngo

Eryngium aquaticum is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae known by the common name rattlesnakemaster,[4] marsh rattlesnake master,[2] corn-snakeroot, bitter snakeroot, and marsh eryngo.[5] This plant is native to eastern North America.[2]

This biennial or perennial herb grows up to 2 meters tall. The ribbed, erect stem branches toward the top. There are alternately arranged leaves which are lance-shaped and toothed on the edges. The basal leaves may be up to 90 centimeters long by 9 wide. The inflorescence contains white to blue flower heads with spiny, blue-tinged bracts.[5]

In the wild this plant grows in wet soils, such as those by bogs, marshes, and ditches. It tolerates saturated soils and periodic flooding.[5]

This plant had a number of medicinal uses for Native American groups. The Cherokee people used it for nausea.[6] The Choctaw people used it as a remedy for snakebite and gonorrhea, and the Delaware people used it for intestinal worms.[6] Many groups made it into tea to treat gastrointestinal complaints. The Koasati attributed magical powers to the plant.[4]

This plant is used in flower arranging and as an ornamental garden plant.[5] However, most plants sold under the name E. aquaticum are actually specimens of Eryngium yuccifolium.[5][7]

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 622. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc.
Eryngium aquaticum. NatureServe.
The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 1 October 2015
Eryngium aquaticum. USDA Plants Profile.
Eryngium aquaticum. USDA NRCS Plant Guide.
Eryngium aquaticum. University of Michigan Ethnobotany.
Eryngium aquaticum. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World