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Eryngium creticum 011

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Saniculoideae
Tribus: Saniculeae
Genus: Eryngium
Species: Eryngium creticum

Eryngium creticum Lam., 1798

Eryngium cyaneum Sm.
Eryngium syriacum Lam.


Eryngium creticum Jan ex Guss. = Eryngium triquetrum'' subsp. ''triquetrum
Eryngium creticum Webb = Eryngium glaciale Boiss.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Crete, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, Macedonia European Turkey, Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Western Asia
East Aegaean Isl., Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt),, Iran (W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert), Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania), Kuwait, Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Asir), Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai), Syria (Jbel Druze, C-Syria)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Lamarck, J.-B. 1798. Encycl. 4: 754.


Hassler, M. 2018. Eryngium creticum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 15. Reference page. 
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Eryngium creticum. Published online. Accessed: Sep 15 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Eryngium creticum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sep 15.
Tropicos.org 2018. Eryngium creticum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Sep 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eryngium creticum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Cretan Eryngo
polski: Mikołajek kreteński

Eryngium creticum, or the field eryngo, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to Greece, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria. It is known in Lebanon and Palestine as قرصعنة.

It is pollinated by bees, beetles and flies, and tolerates poor soil. It is self fertile and require minimal water.[1] The plant is edible and is found from October to April and will bloom from April to August. It is widely available in the Mediterranean.[2] The name Creticum refers to the Island of Crete.

The plant is also used medicinally. Its stems are used to make an anti-tussive tea that is also used for kidney inflammation. It is also used as a remedy for scorpion stings in Jordan and to treat hypoglycemia.[3]

"Plant database entry for Eryngium creticum with 5 images and 8 data details".
"Plants in Israel: Field Eryngo".
Jaghabir, M. Hypoglycemic effects of Eryngium creticum. Arch. Pharm. Res., 1991, 14 (4), 295-297.

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