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Eucharis amazonica

Eucharis amazonica

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Eucharideae
Genus: Eucharis
Subgenus: E. subg. Heterocharis
Species: Eucharis amazonica

Eucharis amazonica Linden ex Planch., J. Gén. Hort. 12: 1216. 1857.

This name is:

Accepted by:
Meerow & Dehgan (1984)
Govaerts (2015)
Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong (2005)

Not accepted by:
Espejo Serena & López-Ferrari (1993)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: America
Ascension; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Mexico Central; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Peru; Puerto Rico; Trinidad-Tobago; Venezuela; Venezuelan Antilles;
Continental: Micronesia
Fiji; Leeward Is.; Society Is.; Solomon Is.; Windward Is.
Continental: Asie
Sri Lanka;

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005) Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1–415.
Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(1): 1–76. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.. [as Eucharis grandiflora]
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Eucharis amazonica in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2015 Mar 21. Reference page.
Meerow, A.W. & Dehgan, B. (1984). Re-establishment and lectotypification of Eucharis amazonica Linden ex Planchon (Amaryllidaceae). Taxon 33: 416–422.
Planchon, J.É. (1857) J. Gén. Hort. 12: 1216.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Eucharis amazonica. .

Vernacular names
suomi: Amatsoninlilja

Eucharis amazonica is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Peru. It is cultivated as an ornamental in many countries and naturalized in Venezuela, Mexico, the West Indies, Ascension Island, Sri Lanka, Fiji, the Solomon Islands and the Society Islands.[1][2] The English name Amazon lily is used for this species,[3] but is also used for the genus Eucharis as a whole (and for other genera).[4]

An evergreen bulbous perennial, Eucharis amazonica grows to 75 cm (30 in) tall by 50 cm (20 in) broad, with long narrow dark leaves and umbels of fragrant white flowers. The stamens are fused into a single cup.[5][6][7]

In cultivation it is often confused with the hybrid Eucharis × grandiflora. As it is not hardy, it requires a sheltered spot with a protective winter mulch in colder areas. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][8]

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Encyclopedia of Life entry
"Eucharis amazonica|Amazon lily". RHS Gardening. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 2015-02-03.
"Caliphruria tenera (Amazon lily)". Plants & Fungi at Kew. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2015-02-03.
Planchon, Jules Émile. 1857. Journal Général d'Horticulture 12: 69–70, f. 1216.
Alan W. Meerow and Bijan Dehgan, "Re-Establishment and Lectotypification of Eucharis amazonica Linden ex Planchon (Amaryllidaceae)", Taxon, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Aug., 1984), pp. 416-422.
J Van Bragt, W Luiten, PA Sprenkels, CJ Keijzer, "Flower formation in Eucharis amazonica Linden ex Planchon", Acta Hort. (ISHS) 177:157-164, 1986.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 37. Retrieved 18 February 2018.

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