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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ebenaceae
Genus: Euclea
Species: E. acutifolia – E. angolensis – E. asperrima – E. coriacea – E. crispa – E. dewinteri – E. divinorum – E. lancea – E. natalensis – E. polyandra – E. pseudebenus – E. racemosa – E. sekhukhuniensis – E. tomentosa – E. undulata
Name

Euclea L. in J.A.Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 747 (1774)
Type species: Euclea racemosa L. in J.A.Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 747 (1774)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Diplonema G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 42 (1837)

Homonym: Diplonema (Griessmann), 1913

Rymia Endl., Gen. Pl.: 743 (1839)
Kellaua A.DC., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 96 (1842)

References

Linneaus, C. von (1774) Systema Vegetabilium. Editio decima tertia 747.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Euclea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2015 Jan. 5. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2015. Euclea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 5 Jan. 2015.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Euclea. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 30 2015.

Euclea, from the Greek eukleia meaning "glory and fame",[2] denotes a group of flowering plants in the Ebenaceae or ebony family. They were described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1774.[3][4] The genus includes evergreen trees and shrubs, native to Africa, the Comoro Islands and Arabia.[1] Several species are used for timber, producing a hard, dark heartwood timber similar to ebony.
Species

There are some 16 to 18 species, including:[1][5]

Euclea acutifolia E.Mey. ex A.DC. – Cape Province
Euclea angolensis Gürke – Angola
Euclea asperrima E.Holzh. – Namibia
Euclea balfourii Hiern ex Balf.f.
Euclea coriacea A.DC. – Lesotho, South Africa
Euclea crispa (Thunb.) Gürke – southern Africa
Euclea dewinteri Retief – Limpopo
Euclea divinorum Hiern – from Ethiopia to KwaZulu-Natal
Euclea lancea Thunb. – Cape Province
Euclea laurina Hiern ex Balf.f.
Euclea natalensis A.DC. – from Somalia to KwaZulu-Natal
Euclea neghellensis Cufod. – Ethiopia
Euclea polyandra (L.f.) E.Mey. ex Hiern – Cape Province
Euclea pseudebenus E.Mey. ex A.DC. – Angola, Namibia, Cape Province
Euclea racemosa L. – from Egypt to Cape Province; Comoros, Oman, Yemen
Euclea sekhukhuniensis Retief, S.J.Siebert & A.E.van Wyk – Mpumalanga
Euclea tomentosa E.Mey. ex A.DC. – Cape Province
Euclea undulata Thunb. – from Zimbabwe to KwaZulu-Natal

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Stoll, Nicolette (August 2010). "Euclea crispa (Thunb.) Gürke subsp. crispa". PlantZAfrica.com. SANBI. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1774. Systema Vegetabilium. Editio decima tertia 747
Tropicos, Euclea L
"Euclea". The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Retrieved 28 October 2015.

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