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Eulophia guineensis

Eulophia guineensis, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Cymbidieae
Subtribus: Eulophiinae
Genus: Eulophia
Species: Eulophia guineensis

Eulophia guineensis Lindl., Bot. Reg. 8: t. 686 (1823)

Type species:


Graphorkis guineensis (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 662 (1891)
Eulophia quartiniana A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 284 (1850)
Saccolabium abyssinicum A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss.: t. 81 (1851)
Galeandra quartiniana (A.Rich.) Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 552 (1852)
Eulophia guineensis var. purpurata Rchb.f. ex Kotschy, Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., Abt. 1, 51: 352 (1865)
Eulophia congoensis Cogn., J. Orchidées 6: 155 (1895)
Eulophia guineensis var. kibilana Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 587 (1915)
Eulophia guineensis var. tisserantii Szlach. & Olszewski, Fl. Cameroun 35: 608 (2001)

Native distribution areas:

East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
Cape Verde.
Northeast Tropical Africa
Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan.
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
West Tropical Africa
Benin, Burkina, Gambia, The, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.
West-Central Tropical Africa
Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire.
Arabian Peninsula
Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1823. Botanical Register 8: t. 686.


Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2022. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Eulophia guineensis. Accessed: 2022 Jan 7.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Eulophia guineensis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 7. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Eulophia guineensis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 7. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Eulophia guineensis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 7. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Eulophia guineensis. Published online. Accessed: 7 Jan 2022. 2022. Eulophia guineensis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 7 Jan 2022.

Vernacular names

Eulophia guineensis is a species of orchid. It is the type species of the genus Eulophia and is commonly known as the Guinea Eulophia or the broad-Leaved ground orchid. It is found in the Cape Verde Islands, much of tropical Africa and part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is a terrestrial orchid that can grow to a metre or so tall, and is found in lowland and upland woods and scrubland.


Eulophia guineensis is a medium to large, terrestrial orchid. The clustered ovoid, pseudobulbs have two or three nodes and are usually underground, but sometimes on the surface. From each springs two to four elliptic to broadly lanceolate leaves, plicate, with sunken veins and thin-textured leaves. The inflorescence is up to 100 cm (3 ft) tall, with up to 45 lax or densely packed flowers of various sizes. They are showy, with a pinkish-purple lip, whitish base and spur and purplish-brown sepals and petals. The floral bracts are up to 20 mm (0.8 in) long and ovate-lanceolate, and the pedicel and ovary are slender and up to 25 mm (1.0 in) long. The flowers are fragrant and waxy and appear in the autumn and early winter.[1] [2]
Distribution and habitat

Eulophia guineensis is native to the Cape Verde Islands, Benin, Burkino Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Oman, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Its typical habitat is woodland or scrub, at altitudes ranging from 600 to 2,000 m (2,000 to 6,600 ft), in shade or semi-shade on poor rocky soils.[2]

Szlachetko, Dariusz L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast. CSIC Press. pp. 237–239. ISBN 978-84-00-08725-8.
"Eulophia guineensis Lindl. 1823". Retrieved 26 November 2016.

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