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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Pentaphylacaceae
Tribus: Freziereae
Genus: Eurya
Species: E. acromonodontus – E. acuminata – E. acuminatissima – E. acuminoides – E. acutisepala – E. alata – E. albiflora – E. amplexicaulis – E. amplexifolia – E. arunachalensis – E. asterica – E. aurea – E. auriformis – E. austroyunnanensis – E. bifidostyla – E. boninensis – E. brassii – E. brevistyla – E. buxifolia – E. calotricha – E. castaneifolia – E. cavinervis – E. celebica – E. cerasifolia – E. ceylanica – E. chinensis – E. chukiangensis – E. ciliata – E. coriacea – E. crassilimba – E. crenatifolia – E. cuneata – E. decurrens – E. degeneri – E. dielsiana – E. disticha – E. distichophylla – E. domaensis – E. emarginata – E. eymae – E. fangii – E. finisterrica – E. fosbergii – E. fragilis – E. gigantifolia – E. glaberrima – E. glabra – E. glandulosa – E. gnaphalocarpa – E. gracilipes – E. greenmaniana – E. greenwoodii – E. groffi – E. gungshanensis – E. hainanensis – E. handel-mazzettii – E. hayatae – E. hebbemensis – E. hebeclados – E. hellwigii – E. henryi – E. hupehensis – E. idenburgiensis – E. impressinervis – E. inaequalis – E. japonica – E. jintungensis – E. kerigomnica – E. kuboriensis – E. kueichouensis – E. lanceiformis – E. laotica – E. leptanta – E. leptophylla – E. longisepala – E. loquaiana – E. luchunensis – E. lunglingensis – E. macartneyi – E. magniflora – E. marlipoensis – E. megatrichocarpa – E. meizophylla – E. merrilliana – E. metcalfiana – E. montis-wilhelmii – E. muricata – E. nitida – E. obliquifolia – E. oblonga – E. obovata – E. obtusifolia – E. osimensis – E. ovatifolia – E. oxysepala – E. pahangensis – E. paratetragonoclada – E. patentipila – E. pentagyna – E. pentastyla – E. perryana – E. perserrata – E. persicifolia – E. phaeosticta – E. phyllopoda – E. pickeringii – E. pittosporifolia – E. platyptera – E. pluriflora – E. polygama – E. polyneura – E. prunifolia – E. pseudocerasifera – E. pullenii – E. pyracanthifolia – E. quinquelocularis – E. reflexa – E. rehderiana – E. rengechiensis – E. richii – E. rigida – E. roemeri – E. rubiginosa – E. rugosa – E. ryozoana – E. sakishimensis – E. sandwichensis – E. saxicola – E. semiserrulata – E. septata – E. spiralis – E. steenisii – E. stenophylla – E. strigillosa – E. subcordata – E. subintegra – E. taitungensis – E. taronensis – E. ternatana – E. tetragonoclada – E. tigang – E. tonkinensis – E. trichocarpa – E. tsaii – E. tsingpienensis – E. turfosa – E. urophylla – E. velutina – E. vestita – E. vitiensis – E. wardii – E. wenshanensis – E. wuliangshanensis – E. yaeyamensis – E. yakushimensis – E. yunnanensis – E. zigzag
Name

Eurya Thunb. Nov. Gen. Pl. 3: 67. (1783)

Type species: Eurya japonica Thunb. Nov. Gen. Pl. 3: 68. (1783)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Pseudoeurya Yamam. J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 5: 351. (1933)
Ternstroemiopsis Urb. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 14: 49. (1896)

References

Thunberg, C.P. 1783. Nova Genera Plantarum 3: 67. BHL
Govaerts, R. et al. 2016. Eurya in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2016 May 20. Reference page.
Tsou, C.H., Li, L. & Vijayan, K. 2016. The Intra-familial Relationships of Pentaphylacaceae s.l. as Revealed by DNA Sequence Analysis. Biochemical Genetics 54: 270–282. DOI: 10.1007/s10528-016-9717-1 Paywall Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2016. Eurya. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 20 May 2016.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Eurya in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Eurya is a genus of about 70 species of flowering plants in the family Pentaphylacaceae.[1]
Fossil record

Several fossil seeds of Eurya stigmosa have been described from Middle Miocene strata of the Fasterholt area near Silkeborg in central Jutland, Denmark.[2] Eurya macrofossils have also been described from late Zanclean strata of the Pliocene in Pocapaglia, Italy.[3] Seed fossils of Eurya stigmosa were also reported from the Early Pleistocene (Calabrian stage) of Madeira Island (Atlantic Ocean, Portugal)[4]
Species

Eurya emarginata
Eurya japonica Thunb.
Eurya rapensis F.Brown
Eurya rengechiensis Yamamoto (Taiwan)
Eurya sandwicensis A.Gray - Ānini (Hawaiʻi)

The leaves of Eurya are eaten by caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, such as the engrailed (Ectropis crepuscularia).
References

Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2014-09-18
Angiosperm Fruits and Seeds from the Middle Miocene of Jutland (Denmark) by Else Marie Friis, The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters 24:3, 1985
Messian to Zanclean vegetation and climate of Northern and Central Italy by Adele Bertini & Edoardo Martinetto, Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 47 (2), 2008, 105-121. Modena, 11 lugio 2008.
Góis-Marques, Carlos A.; Mitchell, Ria L.; de Nascimento, Lea; Fernández-Palacios, José María; Madeira, José; Menezes de Sequeira, Miguel (February 2019). "Eurya stigmosa (Theaceae), a new and extinct record for the Calabrian stage of Madeira Island (Portugal): 40Ar/39Ar dating, palaeoecological and oceanic island palaeobiogeographical implications". Quaternary Science Reviews. 206: 129–140. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.01.008.

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