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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Galantheae
Genus: Galanthus
Species: Galanthus reginae-olgae
Subspecies: G. r. subsp. reginae-olgae – G. r. subsp. vernalis

Galanthus reginae-olgae Orph., 1876

Orphanides, T.G., Atti del Congresso Internazionale Botanico tenuto in Firenze nel mese di Maggio 1874. 1874:214. 1876
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Galanthus reginae-olgae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 30. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Galanthus reginae-olgae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Galanthus reginae-olgae. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 30 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Galanthus reginae-olgae in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 30. 2018. Galanthus reginae-olgae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 30.

Vernacular names
русский: Подснежник королевы

Galanthus reginae-olgae, Queen Olga's snowdrop,[4] is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Sicily and the west and north-west Balkans (parts of Greece and the former Yugoslavia).[1] Some variants produce their pendant white flowers in autumn, others in winter and early spring. It is cultivated as ornamental bulbous plant, preferring warmer situations in the garden than other species of Galanthus (snowdrops).


Galanthus reginae-olgae has revolute leaves that are dark green with a central silver line and when fully grown are 11–15 cm long by 3–8 mm wide. Its flowers have three larger outer tepals, pure white, and three smaller inner tepals, white with variable green markings near the tips. The outer tepals are about 15–35 cm long, the inner ones 9–12 mm long. Populations of Galanthus reginae-olgae that flower at different times, with or without the leaves being fully developed, have been described as separate species or subspecies. Those described as G. reginae-olgae subsp. reginae-olgae flower in the autumn, either before the leaves develop or with the leaves. Those described as G. reginae-olgae subsp. vernalis flower in late winter or early spring, with the leaves.[5]

Flower with quite large green markings


Flowering in autumn without leaves (in cultivation)


Galanthus reginae-olgae was first described in 1876 by Theodoros G. Orphanides.[1] The epithet reginae-olgae means 'of Queen Olga'; Olga Constantinovna of Russia was then Queen of Greece. The species (or when divided into subspecies, its autonymous subspecies) has been treated as Galanthus nivalis subsp. reginae-olgae.[3][6] Other regularly used synonyms include G. olgae and G. corcyrensis.[2][6] The name Galanthus corcyrensis has been particularly used for plants that flower in the autumn with the leaves rather than before them.[5]

The species has been divided into two subspecies, distinguished by the time of flowering:[6]

Galanthus reginae-olgae subsp. reginae-olgae – flowering in autumn
Galanthus reginae-olgae subsp. vernalis Kamari – flowering in late winter to spring

There is however no sharp division between these two subspecies.[6]
Distribution and habitat

Galanthus reginae-olgae is native to Sicily and parts of the Balkans, in particular Greece and former Yugoslavia.[1] It is found in relatively dry, shady woodland.[5][6]

Galanthus reginae-olgae is cultivated as an ornamental bulbous plant, particularly the autumn-flowering variants. In cultivation, it requires a warmer and sunnier position than most other Galanthus species.[6] The cultivar 'Cambridge', originating from the Cambridge University Botanic Garden, has large green markings on the inner tepals.[5]

Galanthus reginae-olgae subsp. reginae-olgae[7] has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

"Galanthus reginae-olgae", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2017-12-24
"Galanthus reginae-olgae subsp. reginae-olgae", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2017-12-24
Webb, D.A. (1980), "Galanthus", in Tutin, T.G.; Heywood, V.H.; Burges, N.A.; Valentine, D.H.; Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. (eds.), Flora Europaea, Volume 5: Alismataceae to Orchidaceae, Cambridge University Press, pp. 77–78, ISBN 978-0-521-06662-4
"Galanthus reginae-olgae". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Beckett, K., ed. (1993), "Galanthus", Encyclopaedia of Alpines : Volume 1 (A–K), Pershore, UK: AGS Publications, pp. 510–520, ISBN 978-0-900048-61-6
Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, p. 99, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8
"Galanthus reginae-olgae subsp. reginae-olgae". RHS. Retrieved 7 July 2020.

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