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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Vanilloideae
Tribus: Vanilleae
Genus: Galeola
Overview of species (4)

G. cathcartii – G. faberi – G. humblotii – G. nudifolia

Galeola Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 520 (1790)

Type species: Galeola nudifolia Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 520 (1790)


Pogochilus Falc., J. Bot. (Hooker) 4: 73 (1841)

Native distribution areas:

Western Indian Ocean
Comoros, Madagascar.
China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Tibet.
Eastern Asia
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, East Himalaya, Nepal, West Himalaya.
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Borneo, Jawa, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
New Guinea.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Loureiro, 1790. Flora Cochinchinensis 2: 520.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 299 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9


'eFloras 2009. Galeola in Flora of China vol. 25 Orchidaceae --> pdf Galeola
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Galeola in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 18. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Galeola in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Galeola. Published online. Accessed: 18 November 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Galeola in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 18. 2019. Galeola. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 18.

Vernacular names

перем коми: Галеола
коми: Галеола
кырык мары: Галеола
удмурт: Галеола
中文: 山珊瑚屬

Galeola is a genus of orchids (family Orchidaceae) belonging to the subfamily Vanilloideae.[1]

All species in this genus are myco-heterotrophic, i.e. they are parasitic upon fungi. The genus is spread throughout southeast Asia (from India to China to New Guinea) as well as Madagascar and Comoros.[2]

Galeola is of biological interest because of its exclusive myco-heterotrophic nature and its seeds. The seeds are the biggest orchid seeds in the world. They are winged, which is also extraordinary for an orchid.

At present, there are 6 currently recognized species:[2]

Galeola cathcarthii Hook.f. (Thailand, Myanmar, India, Assam, Bhutan, Sikkim)
Galeola faberi Rolfe (China, Assam, Nepal, Vietnam, Sumatra)
Galeola falconeri Hook.f. (India, Taiwan, Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, China)
Galeola humblotii H.G.Reichb. (Madagascar, Comoros)
Galeola lindleyana (Hook.f. & J.W.Thomson) H.G.Reichb. ( Bhutan, China, India, Sumatra, Vietnam, Assam, Nepal, Taiwan)
Galeola nudifolia Lour. (1790) (China, India,, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Assam, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, New Guinea)


Loureiro, João de. 1790. Flora Cochinchinensis 2: 520
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

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