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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Griffineae
Genera: Griffinia - Worsleya

Griffineae Ravenna, Pl. Life 30: 65. 1974.
References Griffineae.

The tribe Griffineae (in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae) includes 2 genera with 22 species from South America which are actually endemic to Brazil. A typical character of the representatives of the tribe are the flowers - They are with blue or lilac color collected into an umbel. Only the members of this tribe and the genus Lycoris are able to form flowers with such color in the whole family Amaryllidaceae. The plants in this group are typical perennial flowers which are producing bulbs. The leaves are green, with elliptical form in the most of the cases but in some members as in Worsleya they are sword-shaped.[3]


The Müller-Doblies' (1996) placed Griffinia in its own subtribe Griffiniinae (of tribe Hippeastreae) and did not recognise Worsleya, which they submerged in Phycella.[2] In contrast, Meerow and Snijman (1998) resurrected it, placing both genera within Hippeastreae.[4] Subsequently, molecular phylogenetic studies demonstrated that Griffineae was a distinct and separate tribe.[5]

The placement of Griffineae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram, where this tribe is shown as a sister group to the Hippeastreae, forming the Hippeastroid subclade, of two American clades:[6]
Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Tribe Amaryllideae


Tribe Cyrtantheae


Tribe Haemantheae


Tribe Calostemmateae

Eurasian clade

Tribe Lycorideae


Tribe Galantheae

Tribe Pancratieae

Tribe Narcisseae

American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae

Tribe Hippeastreae

Andean clade

Tribe Eustephieae

Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae

Tribe Clinantheae

Tribe Hymenocallideae


Two genera:



Ravenna P. (1974) Studies in the genus Griffinia. Plant Life 30: 64–70 (Pl. Life (Stanford) 30: 65 (1974)).
Müller-Doblies & Müller-Doblies 1996.
Vigneron 2008.
Meerow & Snijman 1998.
Meerow & Snijman 2006.

Meerow et al. 2000.


"Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
Kubitzki, K., ed. (1998). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Vol.3; Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-540-64060-8. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
Meerow, Alan. "Towards a phylogeny of the Amaryllidaceae". In Rudall et al. (1995), pp. 169–179.
Meerow, AW; Snijman, DA. "Amaryllidaceae". In Kubitzki (1998), pp. 83–110.. (additional excerpts)
Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (2006). "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae". Aliso. 22: 355–366. doi:10.5642/aliso.20062201.29. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
Müller-Doblies, U.; Müller-Doblies, D. (1996). "Tribes and subtribes and some species combinations in Amaryllidaceae J St Hil R Dahlgren & al. 1985". Feddes Repertorium. 107 (5–6): S.c.1–S.c.9.
Rudall, P.J.; Cribb, P.J.; Cutler, D.F.; Humphries, C.J., eds. (1995). Monocotyledons: systematics and evolution (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution, Kew 1993). Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens. ISBN 978-0-947643-85-0. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
Stevens, P.F. (2001–2012). "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Amaryllidoideae".
Vigneron, Pascal (2008). "Amaryllidaceae". (in French). Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
Meerow, A.W.; Fay, M.F.; Guy, C.L.; Li, Q.-B.; Zaman, F.Q.; Chase, M.W. (1999). "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-F sequence data". Am. J. Bot. 86 (9): 1325–1345. doi:10.2307/2656780. JSTOR 2656780. PMID 10487820.
Meerow, A.W.; Guy, C.L.; Li, Q.-B.; Yang, S.-L. (2000). "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences" (PDF). Systematic Botany. 25 (4): 708–726. doi:10.2307/2666729. JSTOR 2666729. S2CID 20392462. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.

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