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Griffinia hyacinthina

Griffinia hyacinthina

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Griffineae
Genus: Griffinia
Subgenus: G. subg. Griffinia
Species: Griffinia hyacinthina

Griffinia hyacinthina (Ker Gawl.) Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 6: t. 444. 1820.


Amaryllis hyacinthina Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 2: t. 163. 1817.


Lycoris hyacinthina (Ker Gawl.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 47: 5, t. 2113. 1819.


Amaryllis dryades Vell., Fl. Flumin. 3: 130. 1829.
Griffinia dryades (Vell.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 32. 1847.
Griffinia hookeri Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(112): 7. 1913.
Hippeastrum dryades (Vell.) Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50(112): 7. 1913.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Brazil
Brazil Southeast

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Ker Gawler, J.B., Bot. Reg. 6: t. 444. 1820.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Griffinia hyacinthina in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Griffinia hyacinthina. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 30 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Griffinia hyacinthina in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 30. 2018. Griffinia hyacinthina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 30 Jul. 2018.

Vernacular names

Griffinia hyacinthina is a bulbous species of flowering plant which is endemic to Brazil. The plant has blue flowers (as suggested by the specific epithet "hyacinthina"), collected into an umbel. The leaves are green, elliptical and petiolate.

This species of Griffinia grows in a very specific habitat. It requires the warmth, deep shade and high humidity of the tropical rainforest where the floor is covered with large quantities of organic matter. Like related species, G. hyacinthina is endemic to Brazil. It is native to the south-eastern part of the country, specifically the Atlantic Forest.

Two varieties of the species have been described:

Griffinia hyacinthina var. micrantha
Griffinia hyacinthina var. maxima

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