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Guzmania lingulata

Guzmania lingulata, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Bromeliaceae
Subfamilia: Tillandsioideae
Tribus: Tillandsieae
Genus: Guzmania
Species: Guzmania lingulata
Varietates: G. l. var. cardinalis – G. l. var. concolor – G. l. var. flammea – G. l. var. lingulata – G. l. var. minor

Guzmania lingulata (L.) Mez in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 9: 899 (1896).

Tillandsia lingulata L., Sp. Pl.: 286 (1753).
Caraguata lingulata (L.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 13: t. 1068 (1827).
Tillandsia clavata D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 2: 1060 (1840), nom. superfl.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Belize; Bermuda; Bolivia; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil West-Central; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Leeward Is.; Nicaragua; Panam; Peru; Puerto Rico; Suriname; Trinidad-Tobago; Venezuela; Windward Is.
Continental: Northern America
Mexico Southeast

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Mez, C.C. in A. L. P. P. de Candolle & A. C. de Candolle, 1896. Monogr. Phan. 9:899.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Guzmania lingulata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Guzmania lingulata in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jun 30. Reference page. 
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Guzmania lingulata. Published online. Accessed: Jun 30 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Guzmania lingulata in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jun 30. 2019. Guzmania lingulata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 30 Jun 2019.

Vernacular names

Guzmania lingulata, the droophead tufted airplant or scarlet star, is a species of flowering plant in the family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae. This evergreen epiphytic perennial[2] is native to rainforest habitats in Central America, northern and central South America and southern Mexico.[1] The Latin word lingulata means "tongue-shaped".[3] The foliage grows in a star-shaped basal rosette culminating in an orange and red bracted inflorescence. It is among the most commonly cultivated bromeliad types, with cultivars producing flowers in shades of maroon, red, orange, yellow or pink.


Four varieties are recognized:[1]

Guzmania lingulata var. cardinalis (André) Mez - Colombia, Ecuador
Guzmania lingulata var. concolor Proctor & Cedeño-Mald. - Central America, West Indies, northern and central South America (Guianas and Colombia south to Bolivia), southern Mexico
Guzmania lingulata var. flammea (L.B.Sm.) L.B.Sm. - Colombia, Ecuador
Guzmania lingulata var. lingulata - Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, Venezuelan Antilles; naturalized in Bermuda


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.

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