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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Haemantheae
Genera: Apodolirion - Clivia - Cryptostephanus - Gethyllis - Haemanthus - Scadoxus


Haemantheae Hutch.

Amaryllidaceae Haemantheae.

Haemantheae are a tribe of subfamily Amaryllidoideae (family Amaryllidaceae). They are herbaceous monocot perennial flowering plants with a predominantly African distribution. Three subtribes are proposed and six genera including the type genus, Haemanthus, are included. They are characterised by the presence of baccate (berry) fruit.[2]


The placement of Haemantheae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram:

Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Tribe Amaryllideae


Tribe Cyrtantheae


Tribe Haemantheae


Tribe Calostemmateae

Eurasian clade

Tribe Lycorideae


Tribe Galantheae

Tribe Pancratieae

Tribe Narcisseae

American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae

Tribe Hippeastreae

Andean clade

Tribe Eustephieae

Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae

Tribe Clinantheae

Tribe Hymenocallideae


There are three subtribes, with six genera

Cliviinae D.Müll.-Doblies & U.Müll.-Doblies
Haemanthinae Pax
Gethyllidinae Meerow

The subtribes are related as follows:

Tribe Haemantheae

Subtribe Cliviinae

Subtribe Haemanthinae

Subtribe Gethyllidinae

Cliviinae: Two genera - Clivia, Cryptostephanus

Haemanthinae: Type - two genera, Haemanthus, Scadoxus

Gethyllidinae: Two genera - Apodolirion, Gethyllis

Fam. Fl. Pl. 2: 130. 20 Jul 1934.

Meerow & Clayton 2004.


Meerow, Alan W.; Clayton, Jason R. (1 February 2004). "Generic relationships among the baccate-fruited Amaryllidaceae (tribe Haemantheae) inferred from plastid and nuclear non-coding DNA sequences". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 244 (3–4): 141–155. doi:10.1007/s00606-003-0085-z. S2CID 10245220.
Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (2006). "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae". Aliso. 22: 355–366. doi:10.5642/aliso.20062201.29. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
Vigneron, Pascal. "Amaryllidaceae". (in French). Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
"Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
Spies, P.; Grobler, J.P.; Spies, J.J. (2011). "A review of phylogenetic relationships in the genus Clivia". Philos. Trans. Genet. 1: 168–207.
Conrad, Ferozah (February 2008). Molecular Systematics, Biogeography and Dating of the tribe Haemantheae (Amaryllidaceae) and the Phylogeography of Clivia (PhD Thesis). Department of Botany, University of Cape Town.

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