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Heliconia stricta, Dwarf Jamaican, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales

Familia: Heliconiaceae
Genus: Heliconia
Species: Heliconia stricta

Heliconia stricta Huber

Bol. Mus. Paraense Hist. Nat. 4:543. 1906
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Heliconia stricta in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Heliconia stricta is a plant species native to Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, reproducing by seeds and by underground rhizomes. It is reportedly naturalized in Cuba and Puerto Rico, and cultivated as an ornamental in many other warm regions.[1][2][3] The young leaves and bracts retain water, forming pools called phytotelmata, which provide habitat for diverse invertebrates.[4]

Some common cultivated varieties are:[5] [6] [7]

Dwarf Jamaican
Fire Bird
Iris Bannochie
Oliveira's Sharonii


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Heliconia stricta
Huber, Jacob E. 1906. Boletim do Museo Goeldi de Historia Natural e Ethnographia. Belém. 4: 543, Heliconia stricta
Andersson, L. 1981. Revision of Heliconia sect. Heliconia (Musaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 1(6): 759–784.
Jalinsky, J., T.A. Radocy, R. Wertenberger, & C.S. Chaboo. 2014. Insect diversity in phytotelmata habitats of two host plants, Heliconia stricta Huber (Heliconiaceae) and Calathea lutea Schult (Marantaceae) in the south-east Amazon of Peru. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 87(3): 299–311.
http Stokes Tropicals, Lafayette, Louisiana USA, Heliconia stricta 'Firebird'
National Tropical Botanical Garden, Koloa Hawai'i USA, Meet the Plants, Heliconia stricta Lobster Claw Red
Towen Mount Tropicals, Towen Mount Queensland Australia, Heliconia stricta, photos of numerous cultivars

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