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Hemerocallis citrina

Hemerocallis citrina, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Hemerocallis citrina,Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asphodelaceae
Subfamilia: Hemerocallidoideae
Genus: Hemerocallis
Species: Hemerocallis citrina
Varietates: H. c. var. citrina – H. c. var. vespertina

Hemerocallis citrina Baroni, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 4: 305. 1897.

H. × baronii
Native distribution areas:

Baroni, E., 1897. Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 4: 305


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Hemerocallis citrina in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Hemerocallis citrina. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 07 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Hemerocallis citrina in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 07. 2019. Hemerocallis citrina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 07 Mar. 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hemerocallis citrina Baroni in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2014-07-20.
Hemerocallis citrina Baroni – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
EOL: Hemerocallis citrina

Vernacular names
English: long yellow daylily
日本語: ウコンカンゾウ
svenska: Blekgul daglilja

Hemerocallis citrina, common names citron daylily[2] and long yellow daylily, is a species of herbaceous perennial plant in the family Asphodelaceae.


Hemerocallis citrina can reach a height of 90–120 centimetres (35–47 in). It has bright green, linear arching leaves about 40 cm long. Flowers are lemon yellow, trumpet-shaped, showy and very fragrant, about 15 centimetres (5.9 in) in diameter. They bloom from June to July. Long yellow day lily is cultivated in Asia for its edible flowers.
Distribution and habitat

This species is native to East Asia and China. It grows in forest margins, grassy fields and slopes, at an elevation of 0–2,000 metres (0–6,562 ft) above sea level.
Other uses

The tubers, inflorescences, buds and flowers can all be cooked and eaten. Dried or fresh flowers, sometimes called "gum jum" or "golden needles" (金針 in Chinese; pinyin: jīn zhēn) or as huánghuācài (黃花菜, literally "yellow flower vegetable") are used in Chinese cuisine for dishes including hot and sour soup, daylily soup (金針花湯), Buddha's delight, and moo shu pork.[3]

"Hemerocallis citrina Baroni". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Hemerocallis citrina". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 19 January 2016.

Hemerocallis citrina

External links

Missouri Botanical Garden
The Plant List
Plants for a future
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2000. Flora of China (Flagellariaceae through Marantaceae). 24: 1–431. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.

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