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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Ixieae
Genus: Hesperantha

H. acuta – H. alborosea – H. altimontana – H. angusta – H. bachmannii – H. ballii – H. baurii – H. brevicaulis – H. brevifolia – H. brevistyla – H. bulbifera – H. candida – H. cedarmontana – H. ciliolata – H. coccinea – H. crocopsis – H. cucullata – H. curvula – H. debilis – H. decipiens – H. elsiae – H. erecta – H. exiliflora – H. falcata – H. fibrosa – H. flava – H. flexuosa – H. glabrescens – H. glareosa – H. gracilis – H. grandiflora – H. hantamensis – H. helmei – H. humilis – H. hutchingsiae – H. huttonii – H. hygrophila – H. inconspicua – H. ingeliensis – H. juncifolia – H. karooica – H. lactea – H. latifolia – H. leucantha – H. lithicola – H. longicollis – H. longistyla – H. longituba – H. luticola – H. malvina – H. marlothii – H. minima – H. modesta – H. montigena – H. muirii – H. namaquana – H. oligantha – H. pallescens – H. pauciflora – H. petitiana – H. pilosa – H. pseudopilosa – H. pubinervia – H. pulchra – H. purpurea – H. quadrangula – H. radiata – H. rivulicola – H. rupestris – H. rupicola – H. saldanhae – H. saxicola – H. schelpeana – H. schlechteri – H. scopulosa – H. similis – H. spicata – H. stanfordiae – H. stenosiphon – H. sufflava – H. teretifolia – H. truncatula – H. umbricola – H. vaginata – H. vernalis – H. woodii

Hesperantha Ker Gawl., Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 224 (1804).

Typus: H. falcata
(L.f.) Ker Gawl.


Hesperanthus Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 321. 1812.
Schizostylis Backh. & Harv., Bot. Mag. 90: t. 5422. 1864.


Ker Gawler, J.B. 1804. Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 224.


Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Hesperantha in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2011 Jan 04.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2011. Hesperantha in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2011 Jan 01. Reference page.

Vernacular names

Hesperantha is a genus of cormous flowering plants in the family Iridaceae. The genus name is derived from the Greek words hesperos, meaning "evening", and anthos, meaning "flower".[2]

There are approximately 79 species, mostly native to southern Africa, but with four species reaching tropical Africa. All except one grow from corms.[1]

The synonym Schizostylis is widely used in British horticulture for the single rhizomatous species S. coccinea, widely cultivated as a garden flower, and with numerous cultivars.[3] Common names include scarlet river lily and crimson flag. [1]

Hesperantha acuta (Licht. ex Roem. & Schult.) Ker Gawl.
Hesperantha alborosea Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha altimontana Goldblatt
Hesperantha bachmannii Baker
Hesperantha ballii Willd.
Hesperantha baurii Baker
Hesperantha bifolia Baker
Hesperantha brevicaulis (Baker) G.J.Lewis
Hesperantha brevifolia Goldblatt
Hesperantha brevistyla Goldblatt
Hesperantha bulbifera Baker
Hesperantha candida Baker
Hesperantha cedarmontana Goldblatt
Hesperantha ciliolata Goldblatt
Hesperantha cinnamomea (L.f.) Ker Gawl.
Hesperantha coccinea (Backh. & Harv.) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning
Hesperantha crocopsis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha cucullata Klatt
Hesperantha curvula Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha debilis Goldblatt
Hesperantha decipiens Goldblatt
Hesperantha elsiae Goldblatt
Hesperantha erecta (Baker) Benth. ex Baker
Hesperantha exiliflora Goldblatt
Hesperantha falcata (L.f.) Ker Gawl.
Hesperantha fibrosa Baker
Hesperantha flava G.J.Lewis
Hesperantha flexuosa Klatt
Hesperantha glabrescens Goldblatt
Hesperantha glareosa Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha gracilis Baker
Hesperantha grandiflora G.J.Lewis
Hesperantha hantamensis Schltr. ex R.C.Foster
Hesperantha humilis Baker
Hesperantha hutchingsiae Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha huttonii (Baker) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha hygrophila Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha inconspicua (Baker) Goldblatt
Hesperantha ingeliensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha juncifolia Goldblatt
Hesperantha karooica Goldblatt
Hesperantha lactea Baker
Hesperantha latifolia (Klatt) Vos
Hesperantha laxifolia Goldblatt & J.C.Manning
Hesperantha leucantha Baker
Hesperantha longicollis Baker
Hesperantha longituba (Klatt) Baker
Hesperantha luticola Goldblatt
Hesperantha malvina Goldblatt
Hesperantha marlothii R.C.Foster
Hesperantha minima (Baker) R.C.Foster
Hesperantha modesta Baker
Hesperantha montigena Goldblatt
Hesperantha muirii (L.Bolus) G.J.Lewis
Hesperantha namaquana Goldblatt
Hesperantha oligantha (Diels) Goldblatt
Hesperantha pallescens Goldblatt
Hesperantha pauciflora (Baker) G.J.Lewis
Hesperantha petitiana (A.Rich.) Baker
Hesperantha pilosa (L.f.) Ker Gawl.
Hesperantha pseudopilosa Goldblatt
Hesperantha pubinervia Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha pulchra Baker
Hesperantha purpurea Goldblatt
Hesperantha quadrangula Goldblatt
Hesperantha radiata (Jacq.) Ker Gawl.
Hesperantha rivulicola Goldblatt
Hesperantha rupestris N.E.Br. ex R.C.Foster
Hesperantha rupicola Goldblatt
Hesperantha saldanhae Goldblatt
Hesperantha saxicola Goldblatt
Hesperantha schelpeana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha schlechteri (Baker) R.C.Foster
Hesperantha scopulosa Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Hesperantha spicata (Burm.f.) N.E.Br.
Hesperantha stenosiphon Goldblatt
Hesperantha sufflava Goldblatt
Hesperantha teretifolia Goldblatt
Hesperantha truncatula Goldblatt
Hesperantha umbricola Goldblatt
Hesperantha vaginata (Sweet) Goldblatt
Hesperantha woodii Baker

See also

List of plants known as lily


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 172–75. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.

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