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Liliaceae - Hyacinthoides italica

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Hyacintheae
Subtribus: Hyacinthinae
Genus: Hyacinthoides
Species: Hyacinthoides italica

Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 53: 15 (1944).


Scilla italica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 308 (1753).
Scilla pallida Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 241 (1796), nom. superfl.
Somera italica (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 27 (1866), nom. inval.
Hyacinthus italicus (L.) E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 97 (1906).
Endymion italicus (L.) Chouard, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 2: 702 (1930).
Scilla purpurea Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 9 (1768).
Ornithogalum spicatum Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montauban: 72 (1789).
Scilla byzantina Poir. in Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 739 (1805).
Scilla bertolonii Duby, Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 465 (1828).
Scilla pauciflora Link ex Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 561 (1829).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southern Europe
France, Italy.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Rothmaler, W. 1944. Nomina generica neglecta 1753–1763. Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 53: 1–37. DOI: 10.1002/fedr.19440530102 Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Hyacinthoides italica in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 31. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Hyacinthoides italica. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 31 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Hyacinthoides italica in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Jan. 31. 2019. Hyacinthoides italica. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 31 Jan. 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hyacinthoides italica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names

Cymraeg: Clychau‘r-gog Eidalaidd

Hyacinthoides italica, the Italian bluebell or Italian squill, is a spring-flowering bulbous perennial plant belonging to the family Asparagaceae.[2][3]

It is one of around 11 species in the genus Hyacinthoides, others including the common bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) in northwestern Europe, and the Spanish bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica) further west in the Iberian Peninsula.[4]


Hyacinthoides italica is up to 10–40 centimetres (3.9–15.7 in) tall. The stem is leafless. It has 3-6 basal lance-shaped leaves, 4–15 millimetres (0.16–0.59 in) wide and 7–15 centimetres (2.8–5.9 in) long. The inflorescence is a dense, conical or pyramid-like raceme with 5-30 bright violet-blue star-like flowers. The flowers have two narrow bracts. Flowering period extends from February to May.[5][6][7]

It is in some respects intermediate between the common and Spanish species in having slender leaves (as in H. non-scripta or even slenderer), but a dense raceme of flowers (as in H. hispanica; not sparse and one-sided as in H. non-scripta).

H. italica is sometimes used as an ornamental plant. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8][9]

This species is native to the central Mediterranean region, in northwestern Italy, in western Liguria, in southern France, and in northeastern Spain.[10]

It can be found in olive groves, in dry and stony meadows and in clearings of forests at an elevation up to 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level.


Catalogue of life- Accepted scientific name: Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm. (accepted name), accessed 16 May 2021
Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 53: 15 (1944). International Plant Names Index, accessed 16 May 2021
species: Italian Bluebell Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm. Biolib,, accessed 16 May 2021
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-07-05, search for "Hyacinthoides"
Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm. {ID 4091} - Scilla della riviera Acta Plantarum,, accessed 16 May 2021
Italiensk blåstjärna Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm. Den virtuella floran, accessed 16 May 2021
PIGNATTI S., 1982. Flora d'Italia, Edagricole, Bologna
"Hyacinthoides italica". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 50. Retrieved 3 March 2018.

Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothm., accessed 16 May 2021

General references

Huxley, A. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening vol. 2: 604. Macmillan.

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