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Hymenocallis liriosme

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hymenocallideae
Genus: Hymenocallis
Species: Hymenocallis liriosme

Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners, Field & Lab. 19: 102. 1951.


Pancratium liriosme Raf., Fl. Ludov.: 19. 1817.

Choretis galvestonensis Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 221. 1837.
Hymenocallis galvestonensis (Herb.) Baker, Handb. Amaryll.: 120. 1888.
Hymenocallis galvestonensis subsp. angustifolia Traub, Pl. Life 23: 67. 1967.
Hymenocallis moldenkiana Traub, Pl. Life (Stanford) 18: 71. 1962.
Hymenocallis moldenkiana Traub ex Laferr., Herbertia 51: 67. 1996, nom. superfl.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Southeastern USA
Oklahoma to Alabama

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Shinners, L.H., 1951. Field and Laboratory 19: 102.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Hymenocallis liriosme in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Hymenocallis liriosme. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 01 2018. 2018. Hymenocallis liriosme. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 01 Aug. 2018.

Vernacular names
English: Texas spider-lily

Hymenocallis liriosme is a North American bulb-forming herb native to Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama.[2][3][4][5][6]

Hymenocallis liriosme grows in ditches and along the edges of marshes, swamps and ponds. Common names include Texas spider-lily, western marsh spider-lily, Louisiana marsh spider-lily and spring spiderlily. It is distinguished by a prominent yellow-green eye in the center of the corona.[7]
Texas spiderlily – Hymenocallis liriosme

The Plant List, Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1817. Florula Ludoviciana 19.
Shinners, Lloyd Herbert. 1951. Field & Laboratory 19(2): 102
Tropicos, Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Kartesz, J.T., The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. North American Plant Atlas. ( Chapel Hill, N.C. [maps generated from Kartesz, J.T. 2014. Floristic Synthesis of North America, Version 1.0. Biota of North America Program (BONAP). (in press)].
Flora of North America, Hymenocallis liriosme

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