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265 Hymenocallis tubiflora

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hymenocallideae
Genus: Hymenocallis
Species: Hymenocallis tubiflora

Hymenocallis tubiflora Salisb., 1812

Hymenocallis guianensis var. tubiflora (Salisb.) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 210. 1837, nom. illeg.
Pancratium tubiflorum (Salisb.) Schult. & Schult.f. in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 7: 923. 1830.
Pancratium tubulosum Willd. ex B.D.Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 407. 1894, nom. illeg.

Hymenocallis borskiana de Vriese, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1: 156. 1846 [1].
Hymenocallis boschiana Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 854. 1850 [2], orth. var.
Hymenocallis guianensis (Ker Gawl.) Herb., Appendix: 44. 1821.
Hymenocallis guianensis var. princeps Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 210. 1837.
Hymenocallis guianensis var. undulata (Kunth) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 210. 1837.
Hymenocallis moritziana Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 668. 1850.
Hymenocallis moritziana var. major Worsley, Gard. Chron., III, 22: 333. 1897.
Hymenocallis petiolata (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 168. 1847.
Hymenocallis undulata (Kunth) Herb., Appendix: 44. 1821.
Pancratium boschianum (de Vriese Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 1: 835. 1849 [3].
Pancratium guianense Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 4: t. 265. 1818.
Pancratium moritzianum (Kunth) Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28(1): 157. 1951.
Pancratium petiolatum Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f. in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 7: 912. 1830.
Pancratium triphyllum Willd. ex M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 169. 1847.
Pancratium undulatum Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 280. 1816.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Brazil North; French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Trinidad-Tobago; Venezuela

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Salisbury, R.A., Tranactions, of the Horticultural Society of London 1:341. 1812


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Hymenocallis tubiflora in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 02. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Hymenocallis tubiflora. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 02 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Hymenocallis tubiflora in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 02. 2018. Hymenocallis tubiflora. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 02 Aug. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hymenocallis tubiflora in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Hymenocallis tubiflora is a plant species from Trinidad and northern South America. It is reported from Trinidad, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and northern Brazil.[3] The name was originally coined in 1812,[4] the description based on a specimen grown at Kew Botanical Garden in London, the bulb having been seized by British sailors from a French ship captured by the Royal Navy in 1803.[5]

Hymenocallis tubiflora is a bulb-forming perennial. It has broadly lanceolate leaves up to 60 cm long, tapering at the tip and narrowing below to a long petiole. Flowers are white, borne in an umbel; tepals long and narrow, frequently drooping at flowering time; staminal cup short. Anthers yellow, borne on long filaments.[4][6]

The species is widely cultivated in tropical countries because of its attractive, fragrant floral display. It is reported naturalized in Malaysia.[7] It can also be grown in temperate countries with proper care and protection from cold weather.[8][9]

1818 illustration from Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens; with their History and Mode of Treatment. London 4: t. 265. As Pancratium guianense
The Plant List
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Salisbury, Richard Anthony. 1812. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London 1: 341.
Tropicos, Hymenocallis tubiflora
Ker Gawler, John Bellenden. 1818. Botanical Register t. 265, Pancratium guianense
Amaryllis garden, about Amaryllis and about gardening in Malaysia, Hymenocallis tubiflora
"Rare Plants United Kingdom, Hymenocallis tubiflora". Archived from the original on 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
Garden Drum, beating a new path, Hymenocallis tubiflora

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