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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Arecales

Familia: Arecaceae
Subfamilia: Coryphoideae
Tribus: Borasseae
Subtribus: Hyphaeninae
Genus: Hyphaene
Species: H. compressa – H. coriacea – H. dichotoma – H. guineensis – H. macrosperma – H. petersiana – H. reptans – H. thebaica

Hyphaene Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. ii. 13. t. 82 (1788)

Type species: Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 28 (1788)


Doma Lam., Tabl. Encycl.: t. 900 (1799), orth. var.
Cucifera Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 1: 53 (1809), nom. illeg.
Douma Poir. in H.L.Duhamel du Monceau, Traité Arbr. Arbust., nouv. ed., 4: 47 (1809), nom. illeg.
Chamaeriphes Dill. ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 728 (1891)


Gaertner, J. (1788) De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum. . . . 1: 28. BHL
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Hyphaene in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Nov. 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Hyphaene. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 15 2015. 2015. Hyphaene. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Nov. 15.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Waaierpalms
中文: 叉枝櫚屬

Hyphaene is a genus of palms native to Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent.[2][3][4]

The genus includes the Doum palm (H. thebaica). They are unusual among palms in having regular naturally branched trunks; most other palms are single-stemmed from the ground. In Swahili, it is called ‘’koma’’.

Hyphaene compressa H.Wendl. - eastern Africa from Ethiopia to Mozambique
Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn. - eastern Africa from South Africa; Madagascar; Juan de Nova Island
Hyphaene dichotoma (J.White Dubl. ex Nimmo) Furtado - India, Sri Lanka
Hyphaene guineensis Schumach. & Thonn. - western and central Africa from Liberia to Angola
Hyphaene macrosperma H.Wendl. - Benin
Hyphaene petersiana Klotzsch ex Mart. - southern and eastern Africa from South Africa to Tanzania
Hyphaene reptans Becc. - Somalia, Kenya, Yemen
Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. - northeastern, central and western Africa from Egypt to Somalia and west to Senegal and Mauritania; Middle East (Palestine, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)


"Hyphaene". The Plant List. 2001. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Kew Palms Checklist: Hyphaene Archived 2007-02-18 at the Wayback Machine
Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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