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Iris reichenbachii

Iris reichenbachii, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Iridoideae
Tribus: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: I. subg. Iris
Section: I. sect. Pumilae
Species: Iris reichenbachii

Iris reichenbachii Heuff., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 8: 28. 1858.


Iris virescens subsp. reichenbachii (Heuff.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 701. 1882.


Iris athoa Foster, Gard. Chron. 1893(1): 711. 1893.
Iris balkana Janka, Magyar Tud. Akad. Értes. 12: 173. 1874.
Iris bosniaca (Beck) Dörfl., Exsicc. (Herb. Norm.) 1894: 3086. 1894.
Iris chamaeiris subsp. balkana (Janka) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 254. 1890.
Iris livida James Booth ex Berg, Flora 16(1 Beibl.): 30. 1833), nom. illeg.
Iris reichenbachii var. bosniaca Beck, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 2: 51. 1877.
Iris reichenbachii var. lutea Peia, Contr. Bot. Univ. "Babes-Bolyai" Cluj-Napoca 1980: 32. 1980.
Iris reichenbachii var. tenuifolia Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 40: 8. 1899.
Iris reichenbachii var. tubifera Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 40: 8. 1899.
Iris serbica Pancic, Fl. Serbiae: 670. 1874.
Iris skorpilii Velen., Fl. Bulg.: 535. 1891.
Iris virescens subsp. bosniaca (Beck) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 254. 1890.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, East Aegean Is., Greece, Romania, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Heuffel, J.A. 1858. Enumeratio plantarum Banatus Temesiensis. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 8: 39–240. PDF Reference page. : 8:28.

Additional references

Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. (eds.) 1980. Flora Europaea. Volume 5: Alismataceae to Orchidaceae (Monocotyledones). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge / London / New Rochelle / Melbourne / Sydney, xxxvi + 452 pp., ISBN 0-521-20108-X. Reference page. 


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Iris reichenbachii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Feb 15. Reference page. 
Hassler, M. 2022. Iris reichenbachii. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Feb 15. Reference page. 
Tropicos.org 2022. Iris reichenbachii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Feb 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Iris reichenbachii. Published online. Accessed: Feb 15 2022.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Iris reichenbachii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2022 Feb 15.

Vernacular names

Iris reichenbachii is a perennial bearded iris species native to Bulgaria, Montenegro, Serbia, North Macedonia, and into northeast Greece. Flowers are dull purple, yellow, or violet, with each stem giving one or two flowers.[2][3][4]

It is sometimes commonly known as the 'Rock iris' in Romania.[5]

"Iris reichenbachii Heuff. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
James W. Waddick; Austin, Claire (2005). Irises: a gardener's encyclopedia. Portland, Or: Timber Press. p. 185. ISBN 0-88192-730-9.
"StackPath". www.gardeningknowhow.com. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
"Balkan iris (Iris reichenbachii) - JungleDragon". www.jungledragon.com. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
Sebastian Bonifaciu Romania, Tourist Guide (1985), p. 281, at Google Books

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