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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Jaltomata
Species: J. bohsiana – J. contorta – J. grandiflora – J. herrerae – J. procumbens – J. repandidentata –... (circa 50 species)

Jaltomata Schltdl. (1838)

Type species: J. edulis Schltdl. = J. procumbens
(Cav.) J.L.Gentry (1973)


Hebecladus Miers, 1845 (London J. Bot. 4: 321), nom. cons. & typ. cons. non Kokabus Raf. nec Ulticona Raf. nec Kukolis Raf.
Type species: H. viridiflorus (Humb. & al.) Miers


USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Jaltomata in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.
Jaltomata Research of Dr. Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University. Jaltomata

Vernacular names
Nāhuatl: Xāltomatl

Jaltomata is a genus of plants in the family Solanaceae. According to molecular phylogenies, Jaltomata is the sister genus to Solanum, which includes tomato, potato, and eggplant.[1] Jaltomata has a neotropical distribution, in that species occur from the United States southwest through Latin America, and into the Andean region of South America. Species encompass a wide range of vegetative and reproductive trait variation, including growth habit (trailing herbs, erect herbs, and woody shrubs), floral size, shape and color, as well as fruit size and color. The fruits of some of the species are eaten by humans in Latin and South America. Depending on the species, fruits may be red, green, orange, or dark purple.[2]

The name comes from xāltomatl, lit. "sand tomato", the Nahuatl (Aztec) name for the species Jaltomata procumbens (earlier Saracha jaltomate).[3] The Nahuatl X is pronounced like an English SH, but when borrowed into Mexican Spanish and spelled J, the pronunciation is like an English H. Both Mexican and US American botanists pronounce the J this way.

Currently accepted species:[2][4]

Jaltomata andersonii T. Mione
Jaltomata antillana (Krug & Urb.) D'Arcy
Jaltomata aspera (Ruiz & Pav.) T. Mione & F. G. Coe
Jaltomata atiquipa Mione & S. Leiva G.
Jaltomata auriculata (Miers) Mione
Jaltomata aypatensis S. Leiva, Mione & Quipuscoa
Jaltomata bernardelloana S. Leiva & Mione
Jaltomata bicolor (Ruiz & Pav.) Mione
Jaltomata biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Benítez
Jaltomata bohsiana Mione & D.M. Spooner
Jaltomata cajacayensis S. Leiva & T. Mione
Jaltomata cajamarca T. Mione
Jaltomata calliantha S. Leiva & T. Mione
Jaltomata chihuahuensis (Bitter) Mione & Bye
Jaltomata confinis (C.V. Morton) J.L. Gentry
Jaltomata contorta (Ruiz & Pav.) Mione
Jaltomata cuyasensis S. Leiva, Quipuscoa & Sawyer
Jaltomata dendroidea S. Leiva & Mione
Jaltomata dentata (Ruiz & Pav.) Benitez
Jaltomata diversa (J.F. Macbr.) Mione
Jaltomata grandiflora (B.L. Rob. & Greenm.) D'Arcy, Mione & Davis
Jaltomata grandibaccata S. Leiva & Mione
Jaltomata herrerae (C.V. Morton) Mione
Jaltomata incahuasina Mione & S. Leiva
Jaltomata leivae Mione
Jaltomata lezamae S. Leiva & Mione
Jaltomata lojae Mione
Jaltomata mionei S. Leiva & Quipuscoa
Jaltomata neei Mione & S. Leiva
Jaltomata nigricolor S. Leiva & Mione
Jaltomata nitida (Bitter) Mione
Jaltomata paneroi Mione & S. Leiva
Jaltomata procumbens (Cav.) J.L.Gentry
Jaltomata propinqua (Miers) Mione & M. Nee
Jaltomata quipuscoae Mione & S. Leiva
Jaltomata repandidentata (Dunal) Hunz.
Jaltomata sagastegui Mione
Jaltomata salpoensis S. Leiva & Mione
Jaltomata sanctae-martae Benitez
Jaltomata sinuosa (Miers) Mione
Jaltomata umbellata (Ruiz & Pav.) Mione & M. Nee
Jaltomata ventricosa (Baker) Mione
Jaltomata viridiflora (Kunth) M. Nee & Mione
Jaltomata weberbaueri (Dammer) T. Mione & F. G. Coe
Jaltomata werffii D'Arcy
Jaltomata yacheri Mione & S. Leiva
Jaltomata yungayensis Mione & S. Leiva


Olmstead, RW et al. 2008. A molecular phylogeny of the Solanaceae. Taxon 57(4): 1159–1181
Jaltomata Schlechtendal (Solanaceae), Thomas Mione, Central Connecticut State University
xaltomatl Online Nahuatl Dictionary, Stephanie Wood, editor.
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