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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales

Familia: Zingiberaceae
Subfamilia: Zingiberoideae
Tribus: Zingibereae
Genus: Kaempferia
Species: K. alboviolacea – K. angustifolia – K. attapeuensis – K. champasakensis – K. chayanii – K. cuneata – K. elegans – K. evansii – K. fallax – K. filifolia – K. fissa – K. galanga – K. gigantiphylla – K. gilbertii – K. glauca – K. grandifolia – K. harmandiana – K. koratensis – K. laotica – K. larsenii – K. lopburiensis – K. ovalifolia – K. parviflora – K. philippinensis – K. pulchra – K. purpurea – K. roscoeana – K. rotunda – K. saraburiensis – K. sawanensis – K. siamensis – K. simaoensis – K. sisaketensis – K. spoliata – K. undulata

Kaempferia L., Sp. Pl. 1: 2 (1753)

Type species: Kaempferia galanga L., Sp. Pl. 1: 3 (1753)


Zerumbet Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 33 a (1764), opus utique oppr.
Monolophus Delafosse, Guill. & J.Kuhn, Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 23(Index): 31 (1830)
Tritophus T.Lestib., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 15: 341 (1841)


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 2.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Kaempferia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 May 5. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Kaempferia. Published online. Accessed: May 5 2015. 2015. Kaempferia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 May 5.

Vernacular names
suomi: Galangalit

Kaempferia is a genus of plants in the ginger family. It is native to China, India, and Southeast Asia.[1][2][3]

The genus is named after the naturalist and traveller Engelbert Kaempfer, who lived in Japan and east Asia for the years 1689-1693 and was one of the first Europeans to write detailed descriptions of plants there.


Over 100 names have been proposed in the genus. The following are accepted:[1]

Kaempferia alboviolacea Ridl. - Vietnam
Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe - Bangladesh, Assam, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra
Kaempferia attapeuensis Picheans. & Koonterm - Laos
Kaempferia champasakensis Picheans. & Koonterm - Laos
Kaempferia chayanii Koonterm - Laos
Kaempferia cuneata Gagnep. - Vietnam
Kaempferia elegans (Wall.) Baker in J.D.Hooker - Sichuan, Indochina, Borneo
Kaempferia evansii Blatt. - southern India
Kaempferia fallax Gagnep. - Laos, Thailand
Kaempferia filifolia K.Larsen - Thailand
Kaempferia fissa Gagnep. - Laos
Kaempferia galanga L. - Yunnan, Assam, Bangladesh, India, Indochina
Kaempferia gigantiphylla Picheans. & Koonterm - Laos
Kaempferia gilbertii W.Bull - Myanmar
Kaempferia glauca Ridl. - Thailand
Kaempferia grandifolia Saensouk & Jenjitt. - Thailand
Kaempferia harmandiana Gagnep. - Laos, Cambodia
Kaempferia jenjittikuliae Noppornch. - Thailand[4]
Kaempferia koratensis Picheans. - Thailand
Kaempferia laotica Gagnep. - Laos, Thailand
Kaempferia larsenii Sirirugsa - Thailand
Kaempferia lopburiensis Picheans. - Thailand
Kaempferia maculifolia Boonma & Saensouk -Thailand[5]
Kaempferia mahasarakhamensis Saensouk & P. Saensouk - Thailand[6]
Kaempferia nigrifolia Boonma & Saensouk - Thailand
Kaempferia ovalifolia Roxb. - Myanmar
Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker in J.D.Hooker - Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia
Kaempferia philippinensis Merr. - Luzon
Kampferia pseudoparviflora Saensouk and Saensouk - Thailand
Kaempferia purpurea J.Koenig in A.J.Retzius - Phuket
Kaempferia roscoeana Wall. - Myanmar, Thailand
Kaempferia rotunda L. - China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan), India, Nepal, Assam, Bangladesh, Indochina; naturalized in Java, Malaysia and Costa Rica
Kaempferia saraburiensis Picheans. - Thailand
Kaempferia sawanensis Picheans. & Koonterm - Laos
Kaempferia siamensis Sirirugsa - Thailand
Kaempferia simaoensis Y.Y.Qian - Yunnan
Kaempferia sisaketensis Picheans. & Koonterm - Thailand
Kaempferia spoliata Sirirugsa - Thailand
Kaempferia takensis Boonma & Saensouk - Thailand[5]
Kaempferia undulata Teijsm. & Binn. - Java


Three species of Kaempferia, i.e., K. galanga, K. rotunda, and K. angustifolia, are well studied for their essential oils along with other important phytochemical and medicinal properties. The micropropagation procedures of K. galanga and K. rotunda have been studied by many groups for more than two decades, but in vitro propagation of Kaempferia angustifolia was the first reported in 2018.[7]

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of China v 24 p 368, 山柰属 shan nai shu, Kaempferia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 2. 1753.
Techaprasan, J., Klinbunga, S., Ngamriabsakul, C. & Jenjittikul, T. (2010). Genetic variation of Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand based on chloroplast DNA (psbA-trnH and petA-psbJ) sequences. Genetics and Molecular Research 9: 1957-1973.
N. Nopporncharoenkul, T. Somnoo, W. Tanming and C. Maknoi. 2021. Kaempferia jenjittikuliae (Kaempferia Subg. Protanthium: Zingiberaceae), A New, Endangered Species Endemic to Thailand. Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 78; 1-13.
"Two new species of Kaempferia L. (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand" (PDF).
"A New Species from Northeastern Thailand". Novataxa. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
Haque SM, Ghosh B. (2018) Micropropagation of Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe - An Aromatic, Essential Oil Yielding, Underutilized Medicinal Plant of Zingiberaceae Family. J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 21 (2):147-153.

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