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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Plantaginaceae
Tribus: Antirrhineae
Subtribus: Antirrhininae
Genus: Kickxia
Species: K. aegyptiaca – K. caucasica – K. cirrhosa – K. collenetteana – K. commutata – K. corallicola – K. dentata – K. elatine – K. elatinoides – K. floribunda – K. glaberrima – K. gombaultii – K. hartlii – K. iranica – K. lanigera – K. membranacea – K. papillosa – K. pendula – K. petiolata – K. pseudoscoparia – K. sabarum – K. saccata – K. scalarum – K. spiniflora – K. spuria
Nothospecies: K. × confinis

Kickxia Dumort., Fl. Belg. 35 (1827).

Type species: Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort., Fl. Belg. 35 (1827).


Elatinoides (Chav.) Wettst. in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 58 (1891).
Pogonorrhinum Betsche, Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 71: 128 (1984).
Tursitis Raf., Autik. Bot.: 156 (1840).

Primary references

Dumortier, B.C.J. 1827. Florula Belgica, opera majoris prodromus. 172 pp., Casterman, Tornacum Nerviorum. MDZ Reference page. : 35.

Additional references

Ghebrehiwet M. 2000. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of Kickxia and Nanorrhinum (Scrophulariaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 20(6): 655–690. DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2000.tb00753.x Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Kickxia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 28. Reference page. 2021. Kickxia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 28 Mar 2021.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Kickxia. Published online. Accessed: May 12 2014.

Vernacular names
čeština: Úporek
Deutsch: Tännelkräuter
English: Cancerworts, Fluellins
suomi: Nielukukat

Kickxia is a genus of plants in the plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It includes several species known commonly as cancerworts or fluellins. Species are mostly native to Europe, Central Asia, and Africa,[2] with two, K. elatine and K. spuria, well-established as invasive elsewhere.


The genus Kickxia was named after the Belgian botanist Jean Kickx.[2][3] Some species formerly placed in this genus have been reassigned to Nanorrhinum.[4]

As of February 2018, Plants of the World Online accepted the following Kickxia species:[1]

Kickxia aegyptiaca (L.) Nábelek
Kickxia caucasica (Muss.Puschk. ex Spreng.) Kuprian.
Kickxia cirrhosa (L.) Fritsch
Kickxia collenetteana D.A.Sutton
Kickxia commutata (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Fritsch
Kickxia × confinis (Lacroix) Soó
Kickxia corallicola D.A.Sutton
Kickxia dentata (Vahl) D.A.Sutton
Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort. - sharpleaf cancerwort
Kickxia elatinoides (Desf.) Rothm.
Kickxia floribunda (Boiss.) Täckh. & Boulos
Kickxia glaberrima (J.A.Schmidt) D.A.Sutton
Kickxia gombaultii (J.Thiébaut) Mouterde ex Charpin
Kickxia hartlii (Betsche) D.Heller
Kickxia lanigera (Desf.) Hand.-Mazz.
Kickxia membranacea D.A.Sutton
Kickxia papillosa R.R.Mill
Kickxia pendula (G.Kunkel) G.Kunkel
Kickxia petiolata D.A.Sutton
Kickxia pseudoscoparia V.W.Sm. & D.A.Sutton
Kickxia sabarum V.W.Sm. & D.A.Sutton
Kickxia saccata D.A.Sutton
Kickxia scalarum D.A.Sutton
Kickxia spiniflora (O.Schwartz) D.A.Sutton
Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort. - roundleaf cancerwort

See also

Plants with common names that utilize Germanic suffix -wort


"Kickxia Dumort.", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2018-02-03
BHL Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest (2nd ed.). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 457. ISBN 978-0-29574-288-5.
Yousefi, Nafiseh; Zarre, Shahin & Heubl, Günther (2016), "Molecular phylogeny of the mainly Mediterranean genera Chaenorhinum, Kickxia and Nanorrhinum (Plantaginaceae, tribe Antirrhineae), with focus on taxa in the Flora Iranica region", Nordic Journal of Botany, 34 (4): 455–463, doi:10.1111/njb.01000

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