Fine Art

Lilium parryi

Lilium parryi

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Lilium
Sectio: L. sect. Pseudolirium
Species: Lilium parryi

Lilium parryi S.Watson (1878)

Lilium parryi var. kessleri Davidson, Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 23: 53 1924.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Southwestern USA
Arizona, California
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Northwest

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Watson, S. 1878: Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat. Sci. 2: 188.

Additional references

Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.) 2002. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 26: Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. 723 pp. Oxford University Press, New York / Oxford, ISBN 0-19-515208-5. efloras Reference page.
Villaseñor, J.L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559–902. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmb.2016.06.017 Online PDF Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Lilium parryi in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 August 01. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Lilium parryi. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 August 02. Reference page. 2022. Lilium parryi. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 02 August 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Lilium parryi. Published online. Accessed: August 02 2022.

Vernacular names
English: Lemon lily, Parry's lily

Lilium parryi, common name lemon lily, is a rare species of lily.[3][4][5]

Lilium parryi is native to the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico where it grows in moist areas in mountain habitats. In California it is currently known from the San Bernardino and San Gabriel Mountains and a few remaining spots near Palomar Mountain to the south.[6] It is the only true lily native to Arizona, where a few populations can be found in the Huachuca, Chiricahua, and Santa Rita Mountains.[7] In Mexico, it has been found in mountains in the states of Sonora and Baja California.[2][6][8][9][10]

Lilium parryi is a perennial herb growing erect to about 2 meters in height from a scaly, elongated bulb up to 11 centimetres (4+1⁄3 in) long. The leaves are generally linear in shape, up to 29 centimetres (11+1⁄2 in) long, and usually arranged in whorls around the stem. The inflorescence is a raceme bearing up to 31 large, showy, bright lemon yellow flowers. The trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers have six curling tepals up to 11 centimetres (4+1⁄3 in) long, sometimes with a few reddish spots. There are six stamens tipped with large anthers up to 1.4 centimetres (1⁄2 in) long. The pistil may be 10 centimetres (4 in) long. The flowers are pollinated by hawkmoths,[11] especially Hyles lineata and Sphinx perelegans.[12]

Threats to this species include grazing, recreation, natural flooding and human alterations in water regimes, and horticultural collecting of the bulbs and flowers.

Lilium parryi was named for Charles Christopher Parry (28 August 1823 – 20 February 1890), a British-American botanist and mountaineer.

Idyllwild, California, hosts the Lemon Lily Festival, which celebrates this species.[13]

Henry John Elwes: A monograph of the genus Lilium; illustrated by W.H. Fitch. Taylor and Francis, London
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Watson, Sereno 1878. Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences 2: 189. description in English
Watson, Sereno 1878. Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences 2: plates V + VI (5 + 6). line drawings of Lilium parryi
Tropicos, Lilium parryi S. Watson
California Native Plant Society Rare Plant Profile
Arizona Game & Fish Department
Biota of North America 2014 county distribution map
CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
Calflora taxon report, Lilium parryi S. Watson lemon lily
Flora of North America
Center for Plant Conservation
Lemon Lily Festival Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback Machine

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World