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Lilium speciosum

Lilium speciosum

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Lilium
Sectio: L. sect. Archelirion
Species: Lilium speciosum
Varietates: (3)
L. s. var. clivorum – L. s. var. gloriosioides – L. s. var. speciosum

Lilium speciosum Thunb., 1794.

Lilium × parkmannii Sarg. ex T.Moore

Primary references

Thunberg, C.P. 1794. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 322.


Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Lilium speciosum. Accessed: 2021 Aug 11.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Lilium speciosum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 11. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Lilium speciosum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 11. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Lilium speciosum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Lilium speciosum. Published online. Accessed: 11 Aug 2021. 2021. Lilium speciosum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug 11.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Prachtlilie
suomi: Orkidealilja
日本語: カノコユリ
svenska: Praktlilja
中文: 鹿子百合

Lilium speciosum is an East Asian species of plants in the lily family. It is native to southern Japan and southern China, where it can be found at elevations of 600–900 metres (2,000–3,000 ft).[1][2][3] It is sometimes called the Japanese lily though there are other species with this common name.

Lilium speciosum grows up to 1.2 metres (3 ft 11 in) tall and 0.3 metres (1 ft 0 in) wide, blooming from August to September in north temperate regions.[4] The flowers are white to pink in colour, and strongly scented. It is later flowering than most other species. Many garden forms are in cultivation, and the species has been widely used for breeding of garden forms.

Lilium speciosum contains phenolic glycosides, such as 6′-O-feruloylsucrose and (25R,26R)-26-methoxyspirost-5-en-3β-ol 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside, and steroidal saponins.[5]


Lilium speciosum var. gloriosoides Baker - China, Taiwan
Lilium speciosum var. speciosum - Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu)

1870 illustration[6]


Lily pollen is toxic to domestic cats and ingestion is often fatal;[7][8][9] households and gardens which are visited by cats are advised against growing lilies or placing lily flowers where a cat may brush against them and become dusted with pollen, which they then consume while cleaning. Suspected cases require urgent veterinary attention.[10] Prompt treatment with activated charcoal and/or induced vomiting can reduce the amount of toxin absorbed, and large amounts of fluid by IV can reduce damage to kidneys to increase the chances of survival.[10]


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Tropicos, Lilium speciosum Thunb.
Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 142 药百合 yao bai he Lilium speciosum var. gloriosoides Baker, Gard. Chron., n.s.,. 14: 198. 1880.
"Lilium speciosum". Plants for a Future. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
Yoshihiro Mimaki and Yutaka Sashida (1991). Steroidal and phenolic constituents of Lilium speciosum. 30. Phytochemistry. pp. 937–940. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(91)85283-6.
Image from "Flora Japonica" by Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini
Frequently Asked Questions No Lilies For Cats.
Fitzgerald, KT (2010). "Lily toxicity in the cat". Top Companion Anim Med. 25: 213–7. doi:10.1053/j.tcam.2010.09.006. PMID 21147474.
Which lilies are toxic to cats? Your Cat.
Lily Poisoning in Cats. Pet MD.

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