Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Nolinoideae
Tribus: Ophiopogoneae
Genus: Liriope
Species: L. graminifolia – L. kansuensis – L. longipedicellata – L. minor – L. muscari – L. spicata

Liriope Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 190, 200. Sep 1790.

Globeria Raf., Med. Fl. ii. 84. 1830.

Liriope Herb., Appendix 41. 1821, nom. illeg. non Lour. (1790). = Ismene

Vernacular names
日本語: ヤブラン属
中文: :山麥冬屬

Liriope is a genus of low, grass-like flowering plants from East and Southeast Asia.[1][2]

Some species are often used in landscaping in temperate latitudes. It may be called lilyturf in North America, although it is neither a true grass (family Poaceae) nor a lily (genus Lilium). In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae[3]). Like many lilioid monocots, it was once classified with lilies in the family Liliaceae; it has also been placed in the former family Convallariaceae. The genus was named for the nymph Liriope of Greek mythology.

Background and pronunciation

Liriope are usually used in the garden for their evergreen foliage as a groundcover. Some species, e.g., L. spicata, grow aggressively in the right conditions, spreading by runners; hence their nickname, "creeping lilyturf".

In the southeastern United States Liriope is sometimes referred to by the common name monkey grass or spider grass.

The pronunciation of "Liriope" varies. Commonly recommended pronunciation are /lɪˈraɪəpiː/ lih-RY-ə-pee (US),[4][5] and /lɪəˈriːoʊpeɪ/ lee-REE-o-pay (British),[6] but there are many regional variations. In the southern United States, for example, it may be pronounced /ˈlaɪroʊpiː/ LY-ro-pee, /lɪəˈraɪoʊˌpiː/ leer-EYE-o-pee, or /ˈlɪərioʊp/ LEER-ee-ohp.

Liriope muscari is perhaps most widespread in cultivation and is considered appropriate for USDA Hardiness Zones 6-10.[7]

Spikes of tiny violet-blue flowers appear in late summer, and will be more prolific with a dose or two of fertilizer early in the season. A number of variegated varieties are now available to add golden or silver flashes of color to shady situations.

Image Name Distribution
Liriope graminifolia (L.) Baker Philippines; widespread across much of China
Liriope kansuensis (Batalin) C.H.Wright Sichuan, Gansu
Liriope longipedicellata F.T.Wang & Tang} Sichuan
Liriope minor 2.JPG Liriope minor (Maxim.) Makino Japan, Ryukyu Islands, widespread across much of China
Liriope muscari 4.JPG Liriope muscari (Decne.) L.H.Bailey Japan, Korea, widespread across much of China
Liriope spicata f. koreana kz01.jpg Liriope spicata Lour. Japan, Ryukyu Islands, Korea, widespread across much of China


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 250, 山麦冬属 shan mai dong shu, Liriope Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 190, 200. 1790.
Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
"Liriope". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2016-01-23.
Coombes, Allen J. (1994). Dictionary of Plant Names. London: Hamlyn Books. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-600-58187-1.
Hortus III, Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium, 1976

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World