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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Menyanthaceae
Genera: Liparophyllum - Menyanthes - Nephrophyllidium - Nymphoides - Ornduffia - Villarsia


Menyanthaceae Dumort., 1829.

Typus: Menyanthes L.


Menyanthoideae Burnett, Outl. Bot.: 1010, 1095, 1104. 1835.
Menyantheae Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 52. 1827.

Villarsioideae Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1030. 1834.
Villarsieae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 112. 1847.


Dumortier, B.C.J. 1829. Anal. Fam. Pl.: 20, 25.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Menyanthaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Feb. 8. Reference page.
Tippery, N.P. & Les, D.H. 2009. A new genus and new combinations in Australian Villarsia (Menyanthaceae). Novon, 19: 404–411. DOI: 10.3417/2007181 PDF

Vernacular names
asturianu: Menyantacees
català: Meniantàcia
čeština: Vachtovité
dansk: Bukkebladfamilien
Deutsch: Fieberkleegewächse
English: Buckbean family
español: Menyantáceas
eesti: Ubalehelised
suomi: Raatekasvit
français: Ményanthacées
hornjoserbsce: Kózlikowe rostliny
magyar: Vidrafűfélék
italiano: Meniantacee
日本語: ミツガシワ科
한국어: 조름나물과
kurdî: Famîleya arguda bej
lietuvių: Puplaiškiniai
Nederlands: Watergentiaanfamilie
norsk nynorsk: Bukkebladfamilien
norsk: Bukkebladfamilien
polski: Bobrkowate
پنجابی: تردا دل
русский: Вахтовые
slovenčina: Vachtovité
svenska: Vattenklöverväxter
తెలుగు: మెనియాంథేసి
українська: Бобівникові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Thủy nữ
中文: 睡菜科

Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants in the order Asterales. There are approximately 60-70 species in six genera distributed worldwide. The simple or compound leaves arise alternately from a creeping rhizome. In the submersed aquatic genus Nymphoides, leaves are floating and support a lax, umbellate or racemose inflorescence. In other genera the inflorescence is erect and consists of one (e.g., Liparophyllum) to many flowers. The sympetalous, insect-pollinated flowers are five-parted and either yellow or white. The petals are ciliate or adorned with lateral wings. Fruit type is a capsule.

Species of Menyanthaceae are found worldwide. The genera Menyanthes and Nephrophyllidium grow only in the northern hemisphere, while Liparophyllum and Villarsia occur only in the southern hemisphere. Nymphoides species have a cosmopolitan distribution.

Menyanthaceae species are of economic importance as ornamental water garden plants, with Nymphoides being most commonly traded. The practice of growing non-native water plants has led to several species becoming naturalized or invasive.

Dimorphic heterostyly occurs in all genera but Liparophyllum. In addition, four species of Nymphoides are dioecious.[2]

Plants of the World Online accepts the following genera:[3]

Liparophyllum Hook.f.
Menyanthes L.
Nephrophyllidium Gilg
Nymphoides Ség.
Ornduffia Tippery & Les
Villarsia Vent.


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Tippery, Nicholas P.; Les, Donald H. (2011). "Phylogenetic Relationships and Morphological Evolution in Nymphoides (Menyanthaceae)". Systematic Botany. 36 (4): 1101–1113. doi:10.1600/036364411X605092. S2CID 83643283.
"Menyanthaceae Dumort". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-09-01.

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