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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Vandeae
Subtribus: Angraecinae
Genus: Microcoelia
Overview of species (31)

M. aphylla – M. aurantiaca – M. bispiculata – M. bulbocalcarata – M. caespitosa – M. corallina – M. cornuta – M. decaryana – M. dolichorhiza – M. elliotii – M. exilis – M. gilpinae – M. globulosa – M. hirschbergii – M. jonssonii – M. koehleri – M. konduensis – M. leptostele – M. macrantha – M. macrorhynchia – M. megalorrhiza – M. microglossa – M. moreauae – M. nyungwensis – M. obovata – M. ornithocephala – M. perrieri – M. physophora – M. sanfordii – M. smithii – M. stolzii
Name

Microcoelia Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 60 (1830)

Type species: Microcoelia exilis Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 61 (1830)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Microcaelia Hochst. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 285 (1850)
Dicranotaenia Finet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54(9): 47 (1907)
Rhaphidorhynchus Finet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54(9): 32 (1907)
Encheiridion Summerh., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 11: 161 (1943)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Africa
West Tropical Africa
Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierre Leone, Togo.
West-Central Tropical Africa
Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaïre.
Northeast Tropical Africa
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia (doubtful), Sudan.
East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
KwaZulu-Natal.
Western Indian Ocean
Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1830. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 60.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 6: Epidendroideae (Part three); page 407 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19964-651-7

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Microcoelia. Accessed: 2021 Dec 25.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Microcoelia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 25. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Microcoelia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 25. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Microcoelia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 25. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Microcoelia. Published online. Accessed: 25 Dec 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Microcoelia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 25 Dec 2021.

Vernacular names


Microcoelia is a genus of orchids native to sub-Saharan Africa as well as to Madagascar and other islands of the Indian Ocean.[1][2][3]

Microcoelia aphylla (Thouars) Summerh. - from Kenya and Uganda south to KwaZulu-Natal, plus Madagascar, Mauritius and Réunion
Microcoelia aurantiaca (Schltr.) Summerh. - Madagascar
Microcoelia bispiculata L.Jonss. - Madagascar
Microcoelia bulbocalcarata L.Jonss. - Príncipe, Cameroon, Gabon, Uganda, Rwanda
Microcoelia caespitosa (Rolfe) Summerh. in J.Hutchinson & J.M.Dalziel - western and central Africa from Liberia to Zaïre and Uganda
Microcoelia corallina Summerh. - Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi
Microcoelia cornuta (Ridl.) Carlsward - Madagascar, Comoros
Microcoelia decaryana L.Jonss. - Madagascar
Microcoelia dolichorhiza (Schltr.) Summerh. - Madagascar
Microcoelia elliotii (Finet) Summerh. - Madagascar
Microcoelia exilis Lindl. - from Kenya and Uganda south to KwaZulu-Natal, plus Madagascar
Microcoelia gilpinae (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) Summerh. - Madagascar
Microcoelia globulosa (Hochst.) L.Jonss. - from Nigeria east to Eritrea, south to Angola and Zimbabwe
Microcoelia hirschbergii Summerh. - Zaïre, Zambia
Microcoelia jonssonii Szlach. & Olszewski - Central African Republic
Microcoelia koehleri (Schltr.) Summerh. - from Nigeria to Tanzania, south to Zimbabwe
Microcoelia konduensis (De Wild.) Summerh - western and central Africa
Microcoelia leptostele (Summerh.) L.Jonss. - Central African Republic, Zaïre
Microcoelia macrantha (H.Perrier) Summerh. - Madagascar
Microcoelia macrorhynchia (Schltr.) Summerh. in J.Hutchinson & J.M.Dalziel - central Africa
Microcoelia megalorrhiza (Rchb.f.) Summerh. - Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi
Microcoelia microglossa Summerh. - central Africa
Microcoelia moreauae L.Jonss - Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Microcoelia nyungwensis L.Jonss. - Rwanda
Microcoelia obovata Summerh. - from Kenya south to KwaZulu-Natal
Microcoelia ornithocephala P.J.Cribb - Malawi
Microcoelia perrieri (Finet) Summerh. - Madagascar
Microcoelia physophora (Rchb.f.) Summerh. - Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar
Microcoelia sanfordii L.Jonss - Cameroon
Microcoelia smithii (Rolfe) Summerh. - Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi
Microcoelia stolzii (Schltr.) Summerh. - Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Lindley, John. 1830. Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 60-61.

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