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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Alismatales

Familia: Araceae
Subfamilia: Monsteroideae
Genera: AlloschemoneAmydriumAnadendrumEpipremnumHeteropsisHolochlamysMonsteraRhaphidophoraRhodospathaScindapsusSpathiphyllumStenospermation


Monsteroideae Engl., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 39: 142. (1876)

Type genus: Monstera Adans., Fam. Pl. (Adanson) 2: 470. (1763)


Engler, H.G.A. 1876. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher 39: 142.
Cabrera, L.I., Salazar, G.A., Chase, M.W., Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Dávila, P. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of aroids and duckweeds (Araceae) inferred from coding and noncoding plastid DNA. American Journal of Botany 95(9): 1153–1165. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.0800073 Reference page.
Mayo, S.J., Bogner, J. & Cusimano, N. 2013. Recent progress in the phylogenetics and classification of Araceae. Early Events in Monocot Evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.208–242. PDF Reference page.
Tam, S.-M., Boyce, P.C., Upson, T.M., Barabé, D., Bruneau, A., Forest, F & Parker, J.S. 2004. Intergeneric and infrafamilial phylogeny of subfamily Monsteroideae (Araceae) revealed by chloroplast <011>trnL-F sequences. American Journal of Botany 91(3): 490-498. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.91.3.490 PDF Reference page.

Monsteroideae is a subfamily of flowering plants in the family Araceae.

This subfamily is notable for having many trichosclereids in the vegetative and floral parts of the plants, but rarely in the roots.

Tribes and genera
Monotypic tribes

Anadendreae: genus Anadendrum - SE Asia
Heteropsideae: genus Heteropsis - S America


Alloschemone - Amazon region (Bolivia, Brazil)
Amydrium - SE Asia
Epipremnum - Himalayas, SE Asia to Australia
Monstera – tropical Americas and common houseplants
Rhaphidophora - tropical Africa, Asia to W. Pacific.
Rhodospatha – tropical Americas
Scindapsus - SE Asia, New Guinea, Queensland, W Pacific Islands
Stenospermation - central and South America


Holochlamys - New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago
Spathiphyllum - tropical Americas, SE Asia including the Philippines and east of the Wallace line


Bown, Deni (2000). Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family [ILLUSTRATED]. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-485-7

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