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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Montiaceae
Genera: CalandriniaCalyptridiumCistantheClaytoniaHectorella – Lenzia – LewisiaLyalliaMontiaMontiopsisParakeelyaPhemeranthusPhilippiamraSchreiteria


Montiaceae Raf., Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5: 349. (1820)

Type genus: Montia L. Sp. Pl. 1: 87. (1753)


Hectorellaceae Philipson & Skipw., Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 1: 31. (1961)

Note: The circumscription of this family sensu Nyffeler & Eggli, (2010) is not fully accepted by all authorities, particularly in relation to Calandrinia/Parakeelya and Cistanthe/Philippiamra - see individual taxon pages for more detail. In addition refer to Hershkovitz, (2019), which is likely to require a number of changes to taxonomy.

Rafinesque-Schmaltz, C.S. 1820. Annales Générales des Sciences Physiques 5: 349.
Applequist, W.L., Wagner, W.L., Zimmer, E.A. & Nepokroeff, M. 2006. Molecular evidence resolving the systematic position of Hectorella (Portulacaceae). Systematic Botany 31: 310–319. DOI: 10.1600/036364406777585900 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Hancock, L.P., Obbens, F., Moore, A.J., Thiele, K., de Vos, J.M., West, J., Holtum, J.A. & Edwards, E.J. 2018. Phylogeny, evolution, and biogeographic history of Calandrinia (Montiaceae). American Journal of Botany 105(6): 1021-1034. DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1110 PDF Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Montiaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 4. Reference page.
Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., Mering, S. v., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler R., Ocampo G., Ochoterena, H., Oxelman, B., Rabeler, R. K., Sanchez, A., Schlumpberger, B. O. & Uotila, P. 2015. A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Willdenowia 45(3): 281–383. DOI: 10.3372/wi.45.45301 Open access Reference page.
Hershkovitz, M.A. 1991. Taxonomic notes on Cistanthe, Calandrinia, and Talinum (Portulacaceae). Phytologia 70(3): 209-225. PDF Reference page.
Hershkovitz, M.A. & Zimmer, E.A. 2000. Ribosomal DNA evidence and disjunctions of western American Portulacaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15(3): 419–439. DOI: 10.1006/mpev.1999.0720 Reference page.
Hershkovitz, M.A. 2019. Systematics, evolution, and phylogeography of Montiaceae (Portulacineae). Phytoneuron 2019-27: 1–77. PDF Reference page.
Hershkovitz, M.A. 2019a. Taxonomy of Montiaceae: Critical Clarifications and Corrections. Preprints 2019, 2019050194 (Not peer reviewed) DOI: 10.20944/preprints201905.0194.v1 PDF Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Montiaceae. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 4 2019.
Nyffeler, R. 2007. The closest relatives of cacti: insights from phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast and mitochondrial sequences with special emphasis on relationships in the tribe Anacampseroteae. American Journal of Botany 94: 89–101. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.94.1.89 Full text PDF Reference page.
Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. 2010. Disintegrating Portulacaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59(1): 227–240. Abstract. Full text (PDF). Reference page.
Ogburn, R.M. & Edwards, E.J. 2015. Life history lability underlies rapid climate niche evolution in the angiosperm clade Montiaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 92: 181-192. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.06.006 Full text PDF Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
čeština: zdrojovkovité
polski: zdrojkowate
中文: 水卷耳科

Montiaceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising about 14 genera with about 230 known species,[3] ranging from herbaceous plants to shrubs. The family has a cosmopolitan distribution.

The family Montiaceae was newly adopted in the APG III system and includes members of the Caryophyllales formerly listed in Portulacaceae.[2]

Calandrinia Kunth
Calyptridium Nutt.
Cistanthe Spach
Claytonia L.
Hectorella Hook.f.
Lenzia Phil.
Lewisia Pursh
Lewisiopsis Govaerts
Lyallia Hook.f.
Montia L.
Montiopsis Kuntze
Parakeelya Hershk.
Phemeranthus Raf.
Schreiteria Carolin[4]


"Family: Montiaceae Raf". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-28. Archived from the original on 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
"GRIN Genera of Montiaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2011-07-01.

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