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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Bambusoideae
Tribus: Bambuseae
Subtribus: Guaduinae
Genus: Olmeca
Species: O. clarkiae – O. fulgor – O. recta – O. reflexa – O. zapotecorum

Olmeca Soderstr., Phytologia 51: 161 (1982)

Type species: Olmeca reflexa Soderstr., Phytologia 51: 161 (1982)


Soderstrom, T.R. 1982. Validation of the generic name Olmeca and its two species (Poaceae: Bambusoideae). Phytologia 51(2): 161.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Olmeca in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Olmeca. Published online. Accessed: 24 Nov 2013.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, (Poaceae) Olmeca (Poaceae). Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24. 2013. Olmeca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 24.

Olmeca is a genus of Mesoamerican bamboo in the grass family.[1][2]

Olmeca is the only known New World bamboo having large fleshy fruits. It also has rhizomes with long necks and very open clumps.[3]

The genus is named for the Olmec peoples of southern Mexico, who thrived in southern Mexico in the first millennium BCE.[2][4]


Olmeca clarkiae (Davidse & R.W.Pohl) Ruiz-Sanchez, Sosa & Mejía-Saulés - Chiapas, Honduras
Olmeca fulgor (Soderstr.) Ruiz-Sanchez - Oaxaca
Olmeca recta Soderstr. - Veracruz
Olmeca reflexa Soderstr. - Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas
Olmeca zapotecorum Ruiz-Sanchez, Sosa & Mejía-Saulés - Oaxaca


Tropicos, Olmeca Soderstr.
Soderstrom, Thomas Robert. 1982. Phytologia 51(2): 161.
Soderstrom, Thomas Robert. 1981. American Journal of Botany 68: 1361-1373
Diehl, Richard (2004). The Olmecs: America's First Civilization. Ancient peoples and places series. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-02119-8. OCLC 56746987.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Ruiz-Sanchez, Eduardo, Sosa, Victoria, & Mejía-Saules, M. Teresa. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of the Mesoamerican bamboo Olmeca (Poaceae, Bambuseae): Implications for taxonomy. Taxon 60(1): 89–98.
Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contributions from the United States National Herbarium vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone (eds.), Internet Catalogue of New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis

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