Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Iridoideae
Tribus: Sisyrinchieae
Genus: Olsynium
Species: O. acaule – O. biflorum – O. bodenbenderi – O. chrysochromum – O. douglasii – O. filifolium – O. frigidum – O. junceum – O. lyckholmii – O. nigricans – O. obscurum – O. philippii – O. porphyreum – O. scirpoideum – O. trinerve

Olsynium Raf., New Fl. 1: 72. 1836.

Chamelum Phil., Linnaea 33: 250. 1864.
Eriphilema Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 85. 1843.
Ona Ravenna, Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Valparaiso 5: 98. 1972.
Phaiophleps Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 29. 1836.
Psithyrisma Herb. in Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29 (Misc.): 85. 1843, nom. superfl.
Symphyostemon Miers, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 123. 1841, nom. superfl.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2009. Olsynium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2009 Mar. 23. Reference page.

Vernacular names
svenska: Vårgräsliljesläktet

Olsynium (huilmo in Chile; formerly part of Sisyrinchium) is a genus of summer-dormant rhizomatous perennial flowering plants in the iris family Iridaceae, native to sunny hillsides in South America and western North America.[1][2][3]


Height is 10–40 centimetres (4–16 in) tall. Leaves are linear, 4–30 centimetres (1.6–11.8 in) long and 1–3 millimetres (0.04–0.12 in) broad.

Flowers are bell-shaped, with six white, pink, or lilac tepals, and bloom from late winter to spring.

The genus name is derived from the Greek words ol, meaning "a little", and syn-, meaning "joined",[4] referring to the stamens.[5]


Olsynium acaule (Klatt) Goldblatt - Peru, Bolivia, northwestern Argentina
Olsynium andinum (Phil.) Ravenna - central Chile, Neuquén Province in Argentina
Olsynium biflorum (Thunb.) Goldblatt - Santa Cruz + Tierra del Fuego Provinces in southern Argentina
Olsynium bodenbenderi (Kurtz) Goldblatt - Mendoza Province in Argentina
Olsynium chrysochromum J.M.Watson & A.R.Flores - central Chile
Olsynium douglasii (A.Dietr.) E.P.Bicknell - British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, extreme northern California, Idaho, northern Nevada, northwestern Utah
Olsynium filifolium (Gaudich.) Goldblatt - southern Argentina, Falkland Islands
Olsynium junceum (E.Mey. ex C.Presl) Goldblatt - Bolivia, Argentina, Chile
Olsynium lyckholmii (Dusén) Goldblatt - central Chile, southern Argentina
Olsynium nigricans (Phil.) R.A.Rodr. & Martic. - Maule Province in Chile
Olsynium obscurum (Cav.) Goldblatt - southern Chile, Tierra del Fuego Province in Argentina
Olsynium philippii (Klatt) Goldblatt - central Chile
Olsynium porphyreum (Kraenzl.) Ravenna - Peru
Olsynium scirpoideum (Poepp.) Goldblatt - central + northern Chile, Rio Negro Province in Argentina
Olsynium stoloniferum Ravenna - O'Higgins Province in Chile
Olsynium trinerve (Baker) R.A.Rodr. & Martic. - Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile
Olsynium villosum Ravenna - Santiago Province in Chile


Search for "Olsynium", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-09-22
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
Douglas, G.W., Meidinger, D. & Penny, J.L. (2002). Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia , ed. 2: 1-358. Province of British Columbia.
Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 219–21. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.
Cholewa, Anita F. & Henderson, Douglass M., Olsynium, retrieved 2012-09-22, in Flora of North Americaial Committee, ed. (1982), Flora of North America (online),

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World