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Ophrys fusca

Ophrys fusca

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Ophrys
Species: Ophrys fusca
Subspecies: (7)
O. f. subsp. blitopertha – O. f. subsp. cinereophila – O. f. subsp. durieui – O. f. subsp. funerea – O. f. subsp. fusca – O. f. subsp. iricolor – O. f. subsp. pallida

Ophrys fusca Link, J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(2): 324 (1800)

Arachnites fuscus (Link) Tod. in F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Boëm. 1: 98 (1793)

Native distribution areas:

Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Albania, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Northern Africa
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Western Asia
Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Link, J.H.F. 1800. Journal für die Botanik 2: 324.


Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2022. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Ophrys fusca. Accessed: 2022 Jan 22.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Ophrys fusca in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Ophrys fusca in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 22. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Ophrys fusca. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Ophrys fusca. Published online. Accessed: 22 Jan 2022. 2022. Ophrys fusca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 22 Jan 2022.

Vernacular names

العربية: أوفريس بني
català: Abellera fosca
Deutsch: Braune Ragwurz
English: Dark bee orchid
français: Ophrys brun
svenska: Brun ofrys
Türkçe: Kedigözü

Ophrys fusca, commonly known as the sombre bee-orchid or the dark bee-orchid, is a species of orchid native to the Mediterranean from southwestern Europe and northern Africa to western Asia.[2][3] Most subspecies of the Ophrys fusca are pollinated by males Andrena bees.[4]

The following subspecies are currently recognized:[1]

Ophrys fusca subsp. blitopertha (Paulus & Gack) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen
Ophrys fusca subsp. cinereophila (Paulus & Gack) Faurh.
Ophrys fusca subsp. durieui (Rchb.f.) Soó
Ophrys fusca subsp. funerea (Viv.) Arcang.
Ophrys fusca subsp. fusca
Ophrys fusca subsp. iricolor (Desf.) K.Richt.
Ophrys fusca subsp. pallida (Raf.) E.G.Camus


"Ophrys fusca Link". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Altervista Flora Italiana, Ofride scura, Sombre Bee Orchid
Sto¨kl, J.; et al. (June 2005). "Pollinator attracting odour signals in sexually deceptive orchids of the Ophrys fusca group". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 254 (1–2): 105–120. doi:10.1007/s00606-005-0330-8.

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