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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Colchicaceae
Tribus: Colchiceae
Genus: Ornithoglossum
Overview of species

O. calcicola – O. dinteri – O. gracile – O. parviflorum – O. pulchrum – O. undulatum – O. viride – O. vulgare – O. zeyheri

Ornithoglossum Salisb., Parad. Lond. 1: t. 54. 1806.

Type species: Ornithoglossum glaucum Salisb., nom. illeg. (= O. viride
(L.f.) Dryand.)


Cymation Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 142. 1825, nom. superfl.
Cymatium Spreng. (1825), orth. var.
Lichtensteinia Willd., Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 2: 19. 1808, nom. rej.

Native distribution areas:

East Tropical Africa
South Tropical Africa
Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
Botswana, Cape Provinces, Namibia, Free State, Northern Provinces.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Primary references

Salisbury, R.A. 1806. Paradisus Londinensis: or Coloured Figures of Plants Cultivated in the vicinity of the Metropolis: t. 54.

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Ornithoglossum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov 25. Reference page.
Vinnersten, A. & Manning, J.C. 2007. A new classification of Colchicaceae. Taxon 56(1): 171–178. Wiley JSTOR Reference page.

Vernacular names

Ornithoglossum is a genus of plants native to southern Africa, some of which are widely cultivated as ornamentals. Nine species are currently recognized, as of April 2014:[1][2]

Ornithoglossum calcicola K.Krause & Dinter - Namibia
Ornithoglossum dinteri K.Krause - Namibia, South Africa
Ornithoglossum gracile B.Nord. - Cape Province
Ornithoglossum parviflorum B.Nord. - Namibia, Cape Province
Ornithoglossum pulchrum Snijman, B.Nord. & Mannh. - Namibia
Ornithoglossum undulatum Sweet - Namibia, Cape Province
Ornithoglossum viride (L.f.) Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton - Cape Province
Ornithoglossum vulgare B.Nord. - Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
Ornithoglossum zeyheri (Baker) B.Nord. - Cape Province


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Ornithoglossum
Salisbury, Richard Anthony. 1806. Paradisus Londonensis : or Coloured Figures of Plants Cultivated in the Vicinity of the Metropolis, t. 54. Ornithoglossum

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