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Pancratium canariense

Pancratium canariense (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Pancratieae
Genus: Pancratium
Species: Pancratium canariense

Pancratium canariense Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 2: t. 174. 1817.

Bollaea canariensis (Ker Gawl.) Parl., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 5: 509. 1858.

Pancratium teneriffae Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 925. 1830.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Macaronesia
Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Gomera, Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Ker Gawler, J.B. 1817. Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens; with their History and Mode of Treatment. London 2: t. 174.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Pancratium canariense in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Pancratium canariense. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 06 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Pancratium canariense in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Canary Sea Daffodil
svenska: Kanarisk strandlilja

Pancratium canariense or the Canary Sea Daffodil is a species of bulbous plant endemic to the Canary Islands. It grows on north facing slopes in good light, not exposed to hot burning sun and not baking drought. It grows in fertile soil between rocks and shrubs. It flowers in the early autumn. The name canariense mean "from the Canary Islands".

Bulbous perennial with glaucous leaves. It forms quite large bulbs (12–15 cm diameter) with a short neck. The plant is winter growing and summer dormant. Scape to 80 cm. Flowers in a multiflowered umbel, white with a corona. Very fragrant. Flowers in the fall. Pancratium illyricum from southern Europe is very similar. It has narrower leaves, shorter flower-stalks and flowers in the spring.
Photo: Juan Bibiloni

Easy to grow and flowers freely if planted in a sunny spot. It does not tolerate frost, but should be very good for coastal Californian gardens in the fog belt. Hardy to USDA zone 10.

Walters, S.M. The European Garden Flora, Vol. 1. Pteridophyta; Gymnospermae; Angiospermae—Alismataceae to Iridaceae. ISBN 0-521-24859-0

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