Fine Art

Pancratium illyricum

Pancratium illyricum (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Pancratieae
Genus: Pancratium
Species: Pancratium illyricum

Pancratium illyricum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 291. 1753.

Almyra illyrica (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 109. 1866, nom. inval.
Zouchia illyrica (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 22. 1838.

Pancratium stellare Salisb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 74. 1794.
Almyra stellaris (Salisb.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 336. 1812.
Halmyra stellaris Salisb. ex Parl., Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 28. 1854.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Corse, Sardegna
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Italy (I. di Capri)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 291. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Pancratium illyricum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Pancratium illyricum. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 06 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Pancratium illyricum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Illyrische Trichternarzisse
français: Pancrace d'Illyrie
svenska: Liten strandlilja

Pancratium illyricum is a species of bulbous plant native to Corsica, Sardinia and the Capraia Islands of Tuscany.

Pancratium illyricum grows on rocky slopes and sparse woodland areas, from sea level to more than 1300 m above sea level. It is a bulbous perennial with glaucous leaves, 30–60 cm long, 1½–½ cm wide. Leaves whither after flowering time, in early summer, and the plants goes dormant. The scape is up to 45 cm long, and the flowers are clustered in umbels of about 12, and are white with a short corona and very fragrant. Flowers appear in April to June. Pancratium canariense from the Canary Islands is very similar. It has broader leaves, longer flower-stalks and flowers in the autumn.

The specific epithet illyricum means "from Illyria", a region in the western Balkans. It is not well suited as the plant does not grow there. The Italian name is "giglio stella" = star lily.

Easy to grow and flowers freely if planted near a south facing wall. Slow to increase. It is the hardiest Pancratium - USDA zone 8 and probably 7 in sheltered position with a southern aspect. Full sun in cooler climates, otherwise light shade. Propagation by seeds or division.
Pancratium illyricum in Tolla (Corsica).

Phillips. R. and Rix. M. (1989) Bulbs'. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1
Polunin, Oleg (1987) Flowers of Greece and the Balkans - A Field Guide ISBN 0-19-281998-4

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World