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Pancratium zeylanicum

Pancratium zeylanicum (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Pancratieae
Genus: Pancratium
Species: Pancratium zeylanicum

Pancratium zeylanicum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 290 (1753).

Pancratium tiariflorum Salisb., Parad. Lond.: t. 86. 1808.
Pancratium uniflorum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 213. 1812.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indian Subcontinent
India, Laccadive Islands, Maldives, Sri Lanka.
Regional: Malesia
Borneo, Jawa, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 290. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Pancratium zeylanicum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Pancratium zeylanicum. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 06 2018.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Pancratium zeylanicum. .

Vernacular names
中文: 海水仙

Pancratium zeylanicum is a bulbous perennial herb, which grows in India and on the islands of the Indian Ocean east to insular Southeast Asia. It has been collected from India, Sri Lanka, the Maldive Islands, the Laccadive Islands, Borneo, Java, Maluku, Sulawesi and the Philippines.[2]

Pancratium zeylanicum is known commonly as "rain flower". It is sometimes grown as a hothouse container plant. It does not have a rest period unless water is withheld. It propagates by producing offsets and seed.

The pollinator is a moth with a very long proboscis. Flowers are white with narrow tepals and long teeth along the margin of the staminal corona.[3]

IPNI Publication Details
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 290

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