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Parodia magnifica

Parodia magnifica , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Notocacteae
Genus: Parodia
Species: Parodia magnifica

Parodia magnifica (F.Ritter) F.H.Brandt, Kakteen - und Orchideen - Rundschau 7(5): 62. 1982.

Eriocactus magnificus F.Ritter in Succulenta (Netherlands) 45(4): 50, f. 1966 syn. sec. Anceschi & Magli 2018
Notocactus magnificus (F.Ritter) Krainz in Kakteen And. Sukk. 17: 195. 1966 syn. sec. Anceschi & Magli 2018
Notocactus magnificus (F.Ritter) Krainz ex N.P.Taylor in Cact. Succ. J. Gr. Brit. 42: 5. 1980 syn. sec. Nyffeler 2021
Eriocephala magnifica (F.Ritter) Guiggi in Cactology 3: 6. 2012 syn. sec. Anceschi & Magli 2018

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Brazil
Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul).

Parodia magnifica

Parodia magnifica (*)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Brandt, F.H. 1982. Kakteen - und Orchideen - Rundschau 7(5): 62.

Additional references

Anceschi, G. & Magli, A. 2018. A synopsis of the genus Parodia Spegazzini s.l. (Cactaceae). Bradleya 36: 70–162. DOI: 10.25223/brad.n36.2018.a9 Paywall PDF Reference page.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Parodia magnifica in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov. 6. Reference page.
Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Parodia magnifica in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov. 6. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Parodia magnifica. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 6 2021.

Vernacular names
مصرى: باروديا ماجنيفيكا
беларуская: Красива пародия
русский: Пародия великолепная
svenska: Praktsydkaktus

Parodia magnifica is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family Cactaceae, native to southern Brazil. One of several species called ball cactus, it grows to 7–15 cm (3–6 in) tall by 45 cm (18 in) broad, with heavily ribbed, spherical to columnar, spiny and hairy stems, bearing pale yellow flowers in summer.[2] Its natural habitat is cool, dry temperate grassland at elevations of up to 800 m (2,600 ft).[3] Populations are sparse and fragmented, and it has been designated as “Endangered” by the IUCN Red List.[1]

In cultivation it must be kept above 10 °C (50 °F), so in temperate regions is grown under glass. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4][5]

Notocactus magnificus[6]
Eriocactus magnificus

The plant may still be found listed under these synonyms in the horticultural literature.

Larocca, J.; Machado, M. (2013). "Parodia magnifica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T152741A672751. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T152741A672751.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
"Parodia magnifica". The Encyclopedia of Cacti. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
"RHS Plant Selector - Parodia magnifica". Retrieved 16 January 2021.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 72. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

"Parodia magnifica (synonyms)". Tropicos. Retrieved 18 April 2018.

C.M. Ritz, L. Martins, R. Mecklenburg, V. Goremykin and F.H. Hellwig, (2007). The molecular phylogeny of Rebutia (Cactaceae) and its allies demonstrates the influence of paleogeography on the evolution of South American mountain cacti, American Journal of Botany. 94:1321-1332.

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