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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Passifloraceae
Subfamilia: Malesherbioideae – Passifloroideae – Turneroideae – Pibirioideae
Genera: AdeniaAdenoaAfroquetaAncistrothyrsusAndrosiphoniaArboaBarteriaBasanantheCrossostemmaDeidamiaDilkeaEfulensiaErblichiaHyalocalyxLoewiaMalesherbiaMathurinaMitostemmaOxossiaParopsiaParopsiopsisPassifloraPibiriaPiriquetaSchlechterinaSmeathmanniaStapfiellaStreptopetalumTriclicerasTurneraViridivia


Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel, Fl. Calvados 2: 334 (1806), nom. cons.

Type genus: Passiflora L., Sp. Pl. 2: 955. (1753), nom. cons.


Modeccaceae Horan., Characteres Essentiales Familiarum: 146 (1847)
Paropsiaceae Dumort., Analyse des Familles de Plantes: 37, 42 (1829)
Smeathmanniaceae Mart. ex Perleb, Clavis Classium: 33 (1838)


Jussieu, A.L. de 1806. Flore du Calvados ed. 2: 334 (1806).
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12385 Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Passifloraceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Nov. 9. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Passifloraceae. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 9 2020.
Maas, P.J., Baas, P., Christenhusz, M.J., Clarkson, J.J., Koek-Noorman, J., Mennega, A.M., Tokuoka, T., Van Der Bank, M., Van Der Ham, R.W., Van Marle, E.J. & Westra, L.Y. 2019. ‘Unknown yellow’: Pibiria, a new genus of Passifloraceae with a mixture of features found in Passifloroideae and Turneroideae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 189(4): 397-407. DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/boz003 PDF Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Rocha, L., Ribeiro, P.L., Endress, P.K. & Rapini, A. 2019. A brainstorm on the systematics of Turnera (Turneraceae, Malpighiales) caused by insights from molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 137: 44-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2019.04.015 Paywall Reference page.
Sun, M., Naeem, R., Su, J.X., Cao, Z.Y., Burleigh, J.G., Soltis, P.S., Soltis, D.E. & Chen, Z.D. 2016. Phylogeny of the Rosidae: A dense taxon sampling analysis. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 54(4): 363–391. DOI: 10.1111/jse.12211 Open access Reference page.
Tokuoka, T. 2012. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Passifloraceae sensu lato (Malpighiales) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Journal of Plant Research 125(4): 489-497. DOI: 10.1007/s10265-011-0472-4 Paywall Reference page.
Thulin, M., Razafimandimbison, S.G., Chafe, P., Heidari, N., Kool, A. & Shore, J.S. 2012. Phylogeny of the Turneraceae clade (Passifloraceae sl): Trans–Atlantic disjunctions and two new genera in Africa. Taxon 61(2): 308-323. DOI: 10.1002/tax.612003 Paywall PDF Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Passifloraceae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 10 February 2009.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Passionsblumengewächse
English: Passionflower family
suomi: Passiokasvit
hrvatski: Trubanjovke
hornjoserbsce: Ćerpjenkowe rostliny
magyar: Golgotavirágfélék
日本語: トケイソウ科
lietuvių: Pasifloriniai
македонски: Исусови венци
Nederlands: Passiebloemachtigen
norsk: Pasjonsblomstfamilien
polski: Męczennicowate
русский: Страстоцветные
svenska: Passionsblommeväxter
Türkçe: Çarkıfelekgillergiller
Tiếng Việt: Họ Lạc tiên
中文: 西番莲科

The Passifloraceae are a family of flowering plants, containing about 750 species classified in around 27 genera.[1]

They include trees, shrubs, lianas, and climbing plants, and are mostly found in tropical regions. The family takes its name from the passion flower genus (Passiflora) which includes the edible passion fruit (Passiflora edulis), as well as garden plants such as maypop and running pop.

Passiflora vines and Dryas iulia (among other heliconian butterflies) have demonstrated evidence of coevolution, in which the plants attempted to stop their destruction from larval feeding by the butterflies, while the butterflies tried to gain better survival for their eggs.[3]

The former Cronquist system of classification placed this family in the order Violales, but under more modern classifications systems such as that proposed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, this is absorbed into the Malpighiales and the family has been expanded to include the former Malesherbiaceae and Turneraceae.

Subfamily Malesherbioideae

Malesherbia Ruiz & Pav.

Subfamily Passifloroideae

Tribe Paropsieae

Androsiphonia Stapf
Barteria Hook.f. (includes synonym Smeathmannia Sol. ex R.Br.[4])
Paropsia Noronha ex Thouars
Paropsiopsis Engl.
Viridivia J.H.Hemsl. & Verdc.

Tribe Passifloreae

Adenia Forssk.
Ancistrothyrsus Harms
Basananthe Peyr.
Crossostemma Planch. ex Benth.
Deidamia Noronha ex Thouars
Dilkea Mast.
Efulensia C.H.Wright
Hollrungia K.Schum.
Mitostemma Mast.
Passiflora L.
Schlechterina Harms

Subfamily Turneroideae

Adenoa Arbo
Erblichia Seem.
Hyalocalyx Rolfe
Loewia Urb.
Mathurina Balf.f.
Piriqueta Aubl.
Stapfiella Gilg
Streptopetalum Hochst.
Tricliceras Thonn. ex DC.
Turnera L.[5]

Excluded genera

Abatia Ruiz & Pav. → Salicaceae
Aphaerema Miers → Salicaceae[6]


"Family: Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel, nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Benson, WW; Brown, S Jr; Gilbert, LE (1975). "Coevolution of plants and herbivores". Evolution. 29 (4): 659–680. doi:10.2307/2407076. JSTOR 2407076. PMID 28563089.
"Smeathmannia R.Br. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
"GRIN Genera of Passifloraceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
"GRIN genera sometimes placed in Passifloraceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-01-10.

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