Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Portulacaceae
Genus: Portulaca

Portulacaceae Juss., Gen. Pl. 312 (1789), nom. cons. (as Portulaceae)

Type genus: Portulaca L.

Monogeneric taxon sensu Nyffeler & Eggli, (2010)
Primary references

Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam. 498 pp. Paris: Herissant et Theophile Barrois. BHL Reference page.
Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. 2010. Disintegrating Portulacaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59(1): 227–240. Abstract. Full text (PDF). Reference page.

Additional references

Nyffeler, R. 2007. The closest relatives of cacti: insights from phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast and mitochondrial sequences with special emphasis on relationships in the tribe Anacampseroteae. American Journal of Botany 94: 89–101. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.94.1.89 Full text PDF Reference page.
Ocampo, G. 2013. Morphological characterization of seeds in Portulacaceae. Phytotaxa 141(1): 1–24. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.141.1.1 Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Portulacaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 31. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Portulacaceae. Published online. Accessed: May 31 2021.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: رجلية
azərbaycanca: Pərpərənkimilər
català: Portulacàcia
dansk: Portulak-familien
Deutsch: Portulakgewächse
English: Purslane Family
Esperanto: Portulakacoj
euskara: Portulakazeo
فارسی: خرفه‌ئیان
suomi: Portulakkakasvit
français: Portulacées
Gaeilge: Puirsleán
magyar: Porcsinfélék
italiano: Portulacacee
日本語: スベリヒユ科
қазақша: Қараоттар тұқымдасы
한국어: 쇠비름과
lietuvių: Portulakiniai
Nederlands: Posteleinfamilie
norsk: Portulakkfamilien
polski: Portulakowate
پنجابی: پوٹولاکا ٹبر
русский: Портулаковые
slovenčina: portulakovité
svenska: Portlakväxter
ไทย: วงศ์ผักเบี้ย
Türkçe: Semizotugiller
українська: Портулакові
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Semizoʻtdoshlar
Tiếng Việt: Họ Rau sam
中文: 马齿苋科

The Portulacaceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising 115 species in a single genus Portulaca.[2] Formerly some 20 genera with about 500 species, were placed there, but it is now restricted to encompass only one genus, the other genera being placed elsewhere. The family has been recognised by most taxonomists, and is also known as the purslane family. It has a cosmopolitan distribution, with the highest diversity in semiarid regions of the Southern Hemisphere in Africa, Australia, and South America, but with a few species also extending north into Arctic regions. The family is very similar to the Caryophyllaceae, differing in the calyx, which has only two sepals.

The APG II system (2003; unchanged from the APG system of 1998) assigns it to the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots. In the APG III system, several genera were moved to the Montiaceae, Didiereaceae, Anacampserotaceae and Talinaceae, thus making the family monotypic and only containing the genus Portulaca.[1]
Portulaca 'All Aglow'
Portulaca grandiflora 'Bicolor'



Common purslane (Portulaca oleracea) is widely consumed as an edible plant, and in some areas it is invasive. Portulaca grandiflora is a well-known ornamental garden plant. Purslanes are relished by chickens. Some Portulaca species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the nutmeg moth (Hadula trifolii).


The following species are accepted:[3]

Portulaca africana (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca almeviae Ocampo
Portulaca amilis Speg. – Paraguayan purslane
Portulaca anceps A.Rich.
Portulaca argentinensis Speg.
Portulaca aurantiaca Proctor
Portulaca australis Endl.
Portulaca badamica S.R.Yadav & Dalavi
Portulaca bicolor F.Muell. – Australian pigweed
Portulaca biloba Urb. – Cuban purslane
Portulaca brevifolia Urb.
Portulaca bulbifera M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca californica D.Legrand
Portulaca canariensis Danin & Reyes-Bet.
Portulaca cardenasiana D.Legrand – Puerto Rican purslane
Portulaca caulerpoides Britton & P.Wilson
Portulaca centrali-africana R.E.Fr.
Portulaca chacoana D.Legrand
Portulaca ciferrii Chiov.
Portulaca clavigera R.Geesink
Portulaca colombiana D.Legrand
Portulaca commutata M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca confertifolia Hauman
Portulaca conoidea S.M.Phillips
Portulaca constricta M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca conzattii P.Wilson
Portulaca coralloides S.M.Phillips
Portulaca cryptopetala Speg.
Portulaca cubensis Britton & P.Wilson
Portulaca cyclophylla F.Muell.
Portulaca cypria Danin
Portulaca daninii Galasso, Banfi & Soldano
Portulaca decipiens Poelln.
Portulaca decorticans M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca dhofarica M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca diegoi Mattos
Portulaca digyna F.Muell.
Portulaca dodomaensis M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca echinosperma Hauman
Portulaca edulis Danin & Bagella
Portulaca elatior Mart. ex Rohrb.
Portulaca elongata Rusby
Portulaca eruca Hauman
Portulaca erythraeae Schweinf.
Portulaca fascicularis Peter
Portulaca filifolia F.Muell.
Portulaca filsonii J.H.Willis
Portulaca fischeri Pax
Portulaca fluvialis D.Legrand
Portulaca foliosa Ker Gawl.
Portulaca fragilis Poelln.
Portulaca frieseana Poelln.
Portulaca fulgens Griseb.
Portulaca gilliesii Hook.
Portulaca giuliettiae T.Vieira & A.A.Coelho
Portulaca goiasensis T.Vieira & A.A.Coelho
Portulaca gracilis Poelln.
Portulaca grandiflora Hook. – moss-rose purslane
Portulaca grandis Peter
Portulaca granulatostellulata (Poelln.) Ricceri & Arrigoni
Portulaca greenwayi M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca guanajuatensis Ocampo
Portulaca halimoides L. – silkcotton purslane
Portulaca hatschbachii D.Legrand
Portulaca hereroensis Schinz
Portulaca heterophylla Peter
Portulaca hirsutissima Cambess.
Portulaca hoehnei D.Legrand
Portulaca howellii (D.Legrand) Eliasson
Portulaca humilis Peter
Portulaca impolita (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca insignis Steyerm.
Portulaca intraterranea J.M.Black
Portulaca johnstonii Henrickson
Portulaca juliomartinezii Ocampo
Portulaca kermesina N.E.Br.
Portulaca kuriensis M.G.Gilbert
Portulaca lakshminarasimhaniana S.R.Yadav & Dalavi
Portulaca lutea Sol. ex G.Forst. – yellow purslane
Portulaca macbridei D.Legrand
Portulaca macrantha Ricceri & Arrigoni
Portulaca macrorhiza R.Geesink
Portulaca macrosperma D.Legrand
Portulaca masonii D.Legrand
Portulaca massaica S.M.Phillips
Portulaca matthewsii Ocampo
Portulaca mauritiensis Poelln.
Portulaca mexicana P.Wilson
Portulaca meyeri D.Legrand
Portulaca minensis D.Legrand
Portulaca minuta Correll
Portulaca molokiniensis Hobdy – ʻIhi
Portulaca monanthoides Lodé
Portulaca mucronata Link
Portulaca mucronulata D.Legrand
Portulaca nicaraguensis (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca nitida (Danin & H.G.Baker) Ricceri & Arrigoni
Portulaca nivea Poelln.
Portulaca nogalensis Chiov.
Portulaca oblonga Peter
Portulaca obtusa Poelln.
Portulaca obtusifolia D.Legrand
Portulaca okinawensis E.Walker & Tawada
Portulaca oleracea L. – common purslane, pigweed
Portulaca oligosperma F.Muell.
Portulaca olosirwa S.M.Phillips
Portulaca papillatostellulata (Danin & H.G.Baker) Danin
Portulaca papulifera D.Legrand
Portulaca papulosa Schltdl.
Portulaca paucistaminata Poelln.
Portulaca perennis R.E.Fr.
Portulaca peteri Poelln.
Portulaca philippii I.M.Johnst.
Portulaca pilosa L. – shaggy purslane
Portulaca psammotropha Hance
Portulaca pusilla Kunth
Portulaca pygmaea Steyerm.
Portulaca quadrifida L. – chickenweed purslane
Portulaca ragonesei D.Legrand
Portulaca ramosa Peter
Portulaca rausii Danin
Portulaca rhodesiana R.A.Dyer & E.A.Bruce
Portulaca rotundifolia R.E.Fr.
Portulaca rubricaulis Kunth – redstem purslane
Portulaca rzedowskiana Ocampo
Portulaca samhaensis A.G.Mill.
Portulaca samoensis Poelln.
Portulaca sanctae-martae Poelln.
Portulaca sardoa Danin, Bagella & Marrosu
Portulaca saxifragoides Welw. ex Oliv.
Portulaca sclerocarpa A.Gray – ʻIhi makole
Portulaca sedifolia N.E.Br.
Portulaca sedoides Welw. ex Oliv.
Portulaca sicula Danin, Domina & Raimondo
Portulaca smallii P.Wilson – Small's purslane
Portulaca socotrana Domina & Raimondo
Portulaca somalica N.E.Br.
Portulaca stellulatotuberculata Poelln.
Portulaca stuhlmannii Poelln.
Portulaca suffrutescens Engelm. – shrubby purslane
Portulaca suffruticosa Wight
Portulaca sundaensis Poelln.
Portulaca thellusonii Lindl.
Portulaca tingoensis J.F.Macbr.
Portulaca trianthemoides Bremek.
Portulaca trituberculata Danin, Domina & Raimondo
Portulaca tuberculata León
Portulaca tuberosa Roxb.
Portulaca umbraticola Kunth – wingpod purslane
Portulaca werdermannii Poelln.
Portulaca wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Portulaca yecorensis Henrickson & T.Van Devender
Portulaca zaffranii Danin

Formerly placed here

Anacampseros arachnoides (Haw.) Sims (as P. arachnoides Haw.)
Anacampseros filamentosa subsp. filamentosa (as P. filamentosa Haw.)
Anacampseros lanceolata subsp. lanceolata (as P. lanceolata Haw.)
Anacampseros rufescens (Haw.) Sweet (as P. rufescens Haw.)
Anacampseros telephiastrum DC. (as P. anacampseros L.)
Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. (as P. portulacastrum L.)
Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss. (as P. fruticosa L. or P. triangularis Jacq.)
Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. (as P. paniculata Jacq. or P. patens L.)


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
"Portulaca L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 22 June 2021.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World