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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Ixoroideae
Tribus: Gardenieae
Genus: Randia
Species: R. aciculiflora – R. aculeata – R. acunae – R. altiscandens – R. alvarocamposii – R. amazonasensis – R. annae – R. aristeguietae – R. armata – R. asperifolia – R. boliviana – R. brachysiphon – R. brenesii – R. brevipes – R. brevituba – R. calycina – R. calycosa – R. canescens – R. capitata – R. carlosiana – R. chiapensis – R. ciliolata – R. cinerea – R. colimensis – R. confusa – R. cookii – R. coronata – R. costata – R. crucis – R. cubana – R. denticulata – R. dioica – R. dionisi – R. echinocarpa – R. erythrocarpa – R. ferox – R. genipifolia – R. genipoides – R. gentryi – R. grandifolia – R. grayumii – R. guerrerensis – R. hebecarpa – R. hidalgensis – R. hondensis – R. hypoleuca – R. induta – R. itatiaiae – R. keniae – R. laetevirens – R. laevigata – R. laevigatoides – R. lanuginosa – R. lasiantha – R. longifolia – R. longiloba – R. lonicerioides – R. lorenceana – R. malacocarpa – R. manglaris – R. martinicensis – R. matudae – R. mayana – R. mendozae – R. micracantha – R. mira – R. mixe – R. mollifolia – R. monantha – R. nelsonii – R. nicaraguensis – R. nitida – R. nodifolia – R. oaxacana – R. obcordata – R. obovata – R. odoratissima – R. ovalifolia – R. parana – R. parvifolia – R. pascualii – R. petenensis – R. pittieri – R. portoricensis – R. pringlei – R. pterocarpa – R. pubiflora – R. pubistyla – R. pueblensis – R. retroflexa – R. rotundifolia – R. sepium – R. serboi – R. silae – R. sonorensis – R. spinifex – R. tafallana – R. tetracantha – R. tetrandra – R. thurberi – R. tomatillo – R. truncata – R. tubericollis – R. ulei – R. vazquezii – R. venezuelensis – R. veracruzana – R. wigginsii – R. xalapensis

Randia L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1192 (1753)

Typus: R. mitis L., Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 129. 1929 = R. aculeata


Foscarenia Vell. ex Vand., Fl. Lusit. Bras. Spec.: 7 (1788)
Basanacantha Hook.f. in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 2: 82 (1873)

Native distribution areas:

Northern America
South-Central U.S.A.
Southeastern U.S.A.
Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
Southern America
Central America
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Turks-Caicos Islands, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Islands.
Northern South America
French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela.
Western South America
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South.
Southern South America
Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 1192.
Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996-. Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2010 Dec 16 [1].
Wong, K.M. & Pereira, J.T. 2016. A taxonomic treatment of the Asiatic allies of Rothmannia (Rubiaceae: Gardenieae), including the new genera Ridsdalea and Singaporandia. Sandakania 21: 21-64. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Randia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar. 5. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Randia. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 5 2020. 2020. Randia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar. 5.

Randia, commonly known as indigoberry,[3] is a mostly Neotropical genus of shrubs or small trees in the Rubiaceae. The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) lists a total of 738 names for the genus, synonyms included. Several Australian species have been reassigned to the genus Atractocarpus. These include the garden plants Atractocarpus chartaceus and A. fitzalanii.

Carl Linnaeus retained the name Randia, applied by Houston to commemorate Isaac Rand.[4]

Species of this genus are generally dioecious, with separate male and female plants, although exceptions exist. They are trees, shrubs, and lianas, and may be deciduous or evergreen.[5]

Selected species

Randia aculeata L. (= Genipa aculeata) – White Indigoberry
Randia altiscandens (Ducke) C.M.Taylor
Randia aristeguietae Steyerm.
Randia armata (Sw.) DC.
Randia carlosiana K.Krause
Randia ciliolata C.Wright (= Genipa ciliolata)
Randia cinerea (Fernald) Standl. (= Genipa cinerea)
Randia densiflora
Randia echinocarpa Moc. & Sessé ex DC. (= Genipa echinocarpa) – Papache[6]
Randia keithii
Randia laevigata Standl. – Sapuchi[6]
Randia longioba
Randia matudae Lorence & Dwyer (= Casasia chiapensis)
Randia mixe sp. nov.

Randia moorei F.Muell. ex Benth
Randia nelsonii Greenm.
Randia nicaraguensis Lorence & Dwyer
Randia nitida (Kunth) DC.
Randia obcordata S.Watson – Papache Borracho[6]
Randia parvifolia Lam. – Smallflower Indigoberry
Randia pleiomeris Standl.
Randia portoricensis (Urban) Britt. & Standl. – Puerto Rico Indigoberry
Randia rhagocarpa Standl. – Crucillo
Randia ruiziana DC.
Randia sezitat Guillaumin (= Genipa sezitat)
Randia sonorensis Wiggins – Papache del Zorro[6]
Randia spinifex (Roem. & Schult.) Standl. (= Genipa sagreana)
Randia thurberi S.Watson
Randia tubericollis[3][7]

Formerly placed here

Atractocarpus chartaceus (F.Muell.) Puttock (as R. chartacea (F.Muell.) F.Muell.)
Aidia cochinchinensis Lour. (as R. henryi E.Pritz. or R. cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.)
Aidia genipiflora (DC.) Dandy (as R. genipiflora DC.)
Atractocarpus fitzalanii (F.Muell.) Puttock (as R. fitzalanii (F.Muell.) Benth.)
Benkara malabarica (Lam.) Tirveng. (as R. malabarica Lam.)
Benkara sinensis (Lour.) Ridsdale (as R. sinensis (Lour.) Schult.)
Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng. (as R. dumetorum (Retz.) Poir. or R. spinosa (Thunb.) Poir.)
Catunaregam tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Tirveng. (as R. tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Hook.f.)

Coddia rudis (E.Mey. ex Harv.) Verdc. (as R. rudis E. Mey. ex Harv.)
Porterandia penduliflora (K.Schum.) Keay (as R. penduliflora K.Schum. or R. sericantha K.Schum. ex Engl.)
Rosenbergiodendron formosum (Jacq.) Fagerl. (as R. formosa (Jacq.) K.Schum. or R. mussaenda (L.f.) DC.)
Rosenbergiodendron longiflorum (Ruiz & Pav.) Fagerl. (as R. ruiziana DC.)
Rothmannia longiflora Salisb. (as R. maculata DC.)
Rothmannia whitfieldii (Lindl.) Dandy (as R. malleifera (Hook.) Benth. & Hook.f.)
Tamilnadia uliginosa (Retz.) Tirveng. & Sastre (as R. uliginosa (Retz.) Poir.)[7]


"Genus Randia". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
"Genus: Randia L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 17 September 1996. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
"Randia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
Boulger, George Simonds (1896). "Rand, Isaac" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Gustafsson, Claes G. R. (2000). "Three New South American Species of Randia (Rubiaceae, Gardenieae)". Novon. 10 (3): 201–208. doi:10.2307/3393100. JSTOR 3393100.
Yetman, David (2002). The Guarijios of the Sierra Madre: Hidden People of Northwestern Mexico. UNM Press. p. 222. ISBN 9780826322340.

"GRIN Species Records of Randia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 10 December 2010.

Gustafsson, C.; C. Persson (2002). "Phylogenetic relationships among species of the neotropical genus Randia (Rubiaceae, Gardenieae) inferred from molecular and morphological data". Taxon. 51 (4): 661–674. doi:10.2307/1555021. JSTOR 1555021.
Borhidi, A.; N. Diego-Pérez (2004). "El género Randia L. (Rubiaceae, Gardenieae) en la flora del estado Guerrero (Mexico)". Acta Botanica Hungarica. 46 (1–2): 41–53. doi:10.1556/abot.46.2004.1-2.4.

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