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Salvia hierosolymitana 1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Plethiosphace
Species: Salvia hierosolymitana

Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. (1853)

Salvia hierosolymitana f. chlorocalycina Bornm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 251. 1914.
Salvia hierosolymitana var. chlorocalycina (Bornm.) Feinbrun, Israel J. Bot. 25: 80. 1976.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Southwestern Asia
Cyprus, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Boissier, P.E. 1853. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum. ser. 1 no. 12. 120 pp., Neocomi [Como]: H. Wolfrath. MDZ Biblioteca DigitalReference page. : ser. 1, 12: 61.

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Salvia hierosolymitana in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 11. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Salvia hierosolymitana. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 11. Reference page. 2022. Salvia hierosolymitana. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 11 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Salvia hierosolymitana. Published online. Accessed: May 11 2022.

Vernacular names
English: Jerusalem sage

Salvia hierosolymitana is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae.[1][2] It is a herbaceous perennial commonly called Jerusalem salvia or Jerusalem sage that is native to the eastern Mediterranean, with populations in Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank.[3][4] It typically grows in open fields, rocky soils, and among low-growing native shrubs. It was first described in 1853 by botanist Pierre Edmond Boissier, with the epithet "hierosolymitana" referring to "royal, sacred Jerusalem".

It forms a mound of basal leaves that spreads to 2 ft, and slightly less in height. The ovate mid-green leaves are evergreen, lightly covered with hairs, and with a scalloped margin, growing 8–10 in long with prominent veining underneath. The 1 in or smaller flowers are a wine-red color, growing in widely spaced whorls, with 2-6 flowers per whorl. The lower lip is white, with wine-red spotting. The calyces are pea-green with red veins and bracts edged in red. The square stem of the 1 ft long inflorescences are also edged in red. Unlike many salvias, there is no odor when the leaves are crushed, and there is no known medicinal use of this plant.[5]
Male digger bee (Anthophora dufourii) pollinating Salvia hierosolymitana, Mount Carmel, Israel

"Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
"Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss". World Flora Online. The World Flora Online Consortium. n.d. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
"Salvia hierosolymitana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2 August 2010.
Ali-Shtayeh, Mohammed S; Rana M Jamous; et al. (2008). "Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in Palestine (Northern West Bank): A comparative study". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. BioMed Central Ltd. 4 (13): 13. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-4-13. PMC 2396604. PMID 18474107.
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.

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